Kajsa Hansen Yang
Dr. Kajsa Yang Hansen is an associate professor at the Department of Education and Special Education, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Her research concerns educational equity from a comparative perspective. Currently she is investigating if students' changing opportunities to learn can be associated with educational reforms in Sweden and contribute an understanding of long-term trends in Swedish pupils' educational outcomes. Her research is based on analytical techniques for large-scale survey data, such as multi-level analysis, Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) and second generation SEM.
Issues in Measurement of SES and the Implications of Different Methodological Choices
Socio-economic Status (SES) is a fundamental construct in social stratification and equity studies. In education, SES and its relations with outcomes are used as measures of educational equity. Another important use of SES in educational research is to control for selection effects in research on determinants of educational and life outcomes. Commonly used indicators of SES are parental occupational status, educational level and income. However, there is no consensus on the conceptualization of SES, and different conceptualizations of SES matter for the results. For example, the distinction between formative and reflective approaches to define and measure SES leads to different estimates of SES effects. In this talk, issues in measurement of SES will be focused upon. The past and current status of conceptualization and measurement of SES will be reviewed and future development in these issues will be discussed.