Johan Braeken

Image of Johan Braeken
Norwegian version of this page
Phone +47-22844826
Visiting address Gaustadalléen 30D None 0373 OSLO
Postal address Postboks 1161 Blindern 0318 OSLO

Academic Interests

Measuring and trying to explain why people differ on basic human skills and abilities remains an intriguing topic. As a Psychometrician I am interested in all aspects of Assessment, Evaluation, and Testing, with a specific passion for the Development and Application of Latent Variable Models in a new measurement context.

The figure above represents the classical typology of latent variable models. Current advances are combining and extending these types across their default boundaries, and adding structural elements on top of the measurement models (i.e., generalized structural equation modeling: SEM).

General Interest: Measuring individual differences
General Background: Psychology, Statistics, & Educational Testing
Research Domain: Psychometrics and Latent Variable Models
Research Niche 1: Local item dependence and Integration of Copula Functions in Latent Variable Models
Research Niche 2: Explanatory IRT and modern test design (Item models, AIG, CAT)


Higher Education and Employment History


  • Professor, University of Oslo, Norway 2017-current
  • Associate professor, University of Oslo, Norway 2014-2017
  • Assistant professor, Wageningen University and Research centre, The Netherlands 2013-2014
  • Assistant professor, Tilburg University, The Netherlands 2009-2013
  • Psychometrician at CITO, Central institute for test development, Arnhem, The Netherlands 2008-2009
  • Phd. Psychology - Psychometrics, K.U.Leuven, Belgium 2008.


  • Project: Effect of Video Interaction Guidance (VIG) in parents of preterm infants.      Prof.dr. H. van Bakel and colleagues, Tilburg University, The Netherlands.
Tags: Psychometrics, Item Response Theory, Modern test design, CAT, Statistics


Braeken, J. & Van Assen, M.A.L.M. (2017). An empirical Kaiser criterion. Psychological Methods, 22, 450-466.

Braeken, J., Kuppens, P., De Boeck, P., & Tuerlinckx, F. (2013). Contextualized personality questionnaires: A case for copulas in structural equation models for categorical data. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 48, 845-870.

Braeken, J. (2011). A boundary mixture approach to violations of conditional independence. Psychometrika, 76, 57-76.

Braeken, J., & Tuerlinckx, F. (2009). A mixed model framework for teratology studies. Biostatistics, 10, 744-755.

Braeken, J., & Tuerlinckx, F. (2009). Investigating latent constructs with item response models: A Matlab IRTm Toolbox. Behavior Research Methods, 41, 1127-1137.

Braeken, J., Tuerlinckx, F., & De Boeck, P. (2007). Copulas for residual dependencies. Psychometrika, 72, 393-411.

  • Arnesen, Anne; Braeken, Johan; Baker, Scott; Meek-Hansen, Wilhelm; Ogden, Terje & Melby-Lervåg, Monica (2017). Growth in Oral Reading Fluency in a Semitransparent Orthography: Concurrent and Predictive Relations With Reading Proficiency in Norwegian, Grades 2–5. Reading Research Quarterly.  ISSN 0034-0553.  52(2), s 177- 201 . doi: 10.1002/rrq.159 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Hall, Ruby A.S.; Hoffenkamp, Hannah N.; Braeken, Johan; Tooten, Anneke; Vingerhoets, Ad J.J.M. & van Bakel, Hedwig J.A. (2017). Maternal psychological distress after preterm birth: Disruptive or adaptive?. Infant Behavior and Development.  ISSN 0163-6383.  49, s 272- 280 . doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2017.09.012
  • Pettersen, Andreas & Braeken, Johan (2017). Mathematical Competency Demands of Assessment Items: a Search for Empirical Evidence. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education.  ISSN 1571-0068.  s 1- 21 . doi:
  • Tesema, Melaku Tesfa & Braeken, Johan (2017). Regional inequalities and gender differences in academic achievement as a function of educational opportunities: Evidence from Ethiopia. International Journal of Educational Development.  ISSN 0738-0593.  60, s 51- 59 . doi: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2017.10.023
  • Braeken, Johan & Blömeke, Sigrid (2016). Comparing future teachers’ beliefs across countries: approximate measurement invariance with Bayesian elastic constraints for local item dependence and differential item functioning. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education.  ISSN 0260-2938.  41(5), s 733- 749 . doi: 10.1080/02602938.2016.1161005
  • Braeken, Johan & Van Assen, Marcel A. L. M. (2016). An Empirical Kaiser Criterion. Psychological methods.  ISSN 1082-989X. . doi: 10.1037/met0000074
  • Rutten, Elisabeth A P; Bachrach, Nathan; van Balkom, Anton J L M; Braeken, Johan; Ouwens, Machteld A & Bekker, Marrie H J (2016). Anxiety, depression and autonomy–connectedness: The mediating role of alexithymia and assertiveness. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice.  ISSN 1476-0835.  89(4), s 385- 401 . doi: 10.1111/papt.12083
  • Wood, Stephen; Niven, Karen & Braeken, Johan (2016). Managerial abuse and the process of absence among mental health staff. Work, Employment and Society.  ISSN 0950-0170.  30(5), s 783- 801 . doi: 10.1177/0950017015613755
  • Braeken, Johan; Mulder, Joris & Wood, Stephen (2015). Relative Effects at Work: Bayes Factors for Order Hypotheses. Journal of management.  ISSN 0149-2063.  41(2), s 544- 573 . doi: 10.1177/0149206314525206
  • Dang, Cai-Ping; Braeken, Johan; Colom, Roberto; Ferrer, Emilio & Liu, Chang (2015). Do processing speed and short-term storage exhaust the relation between working memory capacity and intelligence?. Personality and Individual Differences.  ISSN 0191-8869.  74, s 241- 247 . doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.10.012
  • Hall, RAS; Hoffenkamp, HN; Tooten, A; Braeken, Johan; Vingerhoets, AJJM & Van Bakel, HJA (2015). Child-Rearing History and Emotional Bonding in Parents of Preterm and Full-Term Infants. Journal of Child and Family Studies.  ISSN 1062-1024.  24(6), s 1715- 1726 . doi: 10.1007/s10826-014-9975-7
  • Hall, RAS; Hoffenkamp, HN; Tooten, A; Braeken, Johan; Vingerhoets, AJJM & van Bakel, HJA (2015). Longitudinal associations between maternal disrupted representations, maternal interactive behavior and infant attachment: a comparison between full-term and preterm dyads. Child Psychiatry and Human Development.  ISSN 0009-398X.  46(2), s 320- 331 . doi: 10.1007/s10578-014-0473-3
  • Hall, Ruby A.S.; Hoffenkamp, Hannah N.; Tooten, Anneke; Braeken, Johan; Vingerhoets, Ad J.J.M. & van Bakel, Hedwig J.A. (2015). The quality of parent–infant interaction in the first 2 years after full-term and preterm birth. Parenting, science and practice.  ISSN 1529-5192.  15(4), s 247- 268 . doi: 10.1080/15295192.2015.1053333
  • Hoffenkamp, Hannah N.; Braeken, Johan; Hall, Ruby A.S.; Tooten, Anneke; Vingerhoets, Ad J.J.M. & van Bakel, Hedwig J.A. (2015). Parenting in complex conditions: Does preterm birth provide a context for the development of less optimal parental behavior?. Journal of Pediatric Psychology.  ISSN 0146-8693.  40(6), s 559- 571 . doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsv007
  • Hoffenkamp, Hannah; Tooten, Anneke; Hall, Ruby; Braeken, Johan; Eliëns, Marij; Vingerhoets, Ad & van Bakel, Hedwig (2015). Effectiveness of Hospital-Based Video Interaction Guidance on Parental Interactive Behavior, Bonding, and Stress After Preterm Birth: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.  ISSN 0022-006X.  83, s 416- 429 . doi: 10.1037/a0038401
  • Traa, Marjan J.; Braeken, Johan; De Vries, Jolanda; Roukema, Jan A.; Slooter, Gerrit D.; Crolla, Rogier M.P.H.; Borremans, Monique P.M. & Den Oudsten, Brenda L. (2015). Sexual, marital, and general life functioning in couples coping with colorectal cancer: A dyadic study across time. Psycho-Oncology.  ISSN 1057-9249.  24(9), s 1181- 1188 . doi: 10.1002/pon.3801
  • Traa, Marjan; Braeken, Johan; De Vries, Jolanda; Roukema, Jan; Orsini, Ricardo & Den Oudsten, Brenda L. (2015). Evaluating quality of life and response shift from a couple-based perspective: a study among patients with colorectal cancer and their partners. Quality of Life Research.  ISSN 0962-9343.  24, s 1431- 1441 . doi: 10.1007/s11136-014-0872-8
  • Maas, A Janneke; Vreeswijk, Charlotte; Braeken, Johan; Vingerhoets, Ad & van Bakel, Hedwig (2014). Determinants of maternal fetal attachment in women from a community-based sample. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology.  ISSN 0264-6838.  32, s 5- 24 . doi: 10.1080/02646838.2013.853170
  • van Dinther, Mart; Dochy, Filip; Segers, Mien & Braeken, Johan (2014). Student perceptions of assessment and student self-efficacy in competence-based education. Educational studies (Dorchester-on-Thames).  ISSN 0305-5698.  40(3), s 330- 351 . doi: 10.1080/03055698.2014.898577
  • Vreeswijk, Charlotte; Maas, A Janneke; Rijk, Catharina; Braeken, Johan & van Bakel, Hedwig (2014). Stability of fathers' representations of their infants during the transition to parenthood. Attachment & Human Development.  ISSN 1461-6734.  16, s 292- 306 . doi: 10.1080/14616734.2014.900095
  • Braeken, Johan (2011). A BOUNDARY MIXTURE APPROACH TO VIOLATIONS OF CONDITIONAL INDEPENDENCE. Psychometrika.  ISSN 0033-3123.  76, s 57- 76 . doi: 10.1007/S11336-010-9190-4
  • Ludvigsen, Sten Runar; Nortvedt, Guri A.; Petterson, Astrid; Sollerman, Samuel; Olafsson, Ragnar F.; Taajamo, Matti; Caspersen, Joakim; Nyström, Peter & Braeken, Johan (2016). Northern Lights on PISA and TALIS. Nordisk ministerråd.  ISBN 978-92-893-4521-7.  216 s.
  • Arnesen, Anne; Smolkowski, Keith; Baker, Scott; Braeken, Johan; Meek-Hansen, Wilhelm; Ogden, Terje & Melby-Lervåg, Monica (2017). Assessing Elementary Students’ Social Functioning and Reading Proficiency.
  • Helland-Riise, Fredrik & Braeken, Johan (2017). The Radicals of Abstract Reasoning Assessments: An Explanatory Item Response Modelling Approach. Show summary
  • Arnesen, Anne; Braeken, Johan; Baker, Scott; Meek-Hansen, Wilhelm & Ogden, Terje (2016). Growth in Oral Reading Fluency in a Semi-Transparent Orthography.
  • Helland-Riise, Fredrik & Braeken, Johan (2016). Explanatory Item Response Modelling Of An Abstract Reasoning Assessment: A Case For Modern Test Design.. Show summary
  • Scherer, Ronny & Braeken, Johan (2014). The issue of item dependencies in problem solving assessments: Comparing different modeling approaches.
Published Oct. 14, 2014 4:24 PM - Last modified Nov. 8, 2017 3:28 AM