Education as a subject and a field of research involves various aspects. These aspects relate to upbringing, educational practices, and learning studied in different contexts throughout the human life-span, seen from various perspectives. Meanings of interactional processes are studied through relational aspects between people.
Education also concerns studies of processes relating to political decision making, as well as cultural and social group influence on individual and collective learning. How knowledge emerges, and is negotiated in the family, the educational system and the society system are central aspects of education.
Education is a subject with wide spreading and often unclear boundaries. The subject overlaps with other research-fields such as psychology, sociology, philosophy, and history. Subsequently the term educational science is more commonly used. This term also gives room for perspectives from economy, political science, and law.
Societal progress, global trends of development and the role of technology in human learning and development, are further important aspects in educational science today.
Education is a field of research containing strong normative elements. This is because the research often has a prescriptive content that targets how upbringing, educational practices, education, Professional learning, working life, and lifelong learning should be planned and achieved. The normative element within education is also related to education as a research-field since this perspective has grown from interplay between educational politics, and relations between research and areas of practice.