Futureorientation and Temperament
The present study combines Lykken’s (1995) theory about the role of reward sensitivity and punishment insensitivity in the development of antisocial behavior with Gjesme’s theory of future time orientation (1979).
About the project
The participants in this study are hundred and fifty-eight adolescents, consisting of a target group of 79 adolescents who have a defined behavioral problem, and a matched referential group of 79 adolescents who do not have any behavioral problems. The results suggest that attributes related to primary psychopathy are associated with behavioral inhibition insensitivity, behavioral approach reactivity and low future time orientation. Moreover, attributes related to secondary psychopathy is related to an overactive behavioral approach system and low future time orientation. Robust positive associations for behavioral approach reactivity and low future time orientation with primary and secondary psychopathy suggests that high behavioral approach/low future time orientation may represent a common core that cuts across the two factors of psychopathy.