Preschool pathways to reading comprehension: A systematic meta-analytic review

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Picture of Professor Ronny Scherer

Professor Ronny Scherer.

Photo: Shane Colvin, UiO

The ability to construct meaning from texts is the core of reading. We report a meta-analysis and a systematic review of 64 longitudinal studies tracing the development of reading comprehension from preschool. Previous research showed that linguistic comprehension and code-related abilities in preschool correlate moderately with reading comprehension, but the results across studies are inconsistent. Meta-analytic structural equation modelling showed two distinct but related pathways from preschool linguistic comprehension abilities to reading comprehension in school. One pathway consists of code-related skills (letter knowledge and phonological awareness), and it affects reading comprehension through word recognition. A second pathway consists of linguistic comprehension skills (vocabulary and grammar), and it has a direct influence on reading comprehension. Early interventions to facilitate language development appear to provide a promising approach to facilitate the later development of reading comprehension skills.

 

Hanne Næss Hjetland, Ellen Iren Brinchmann, Ronny Scherer, Charles Hulme, Monica Melby-Lervåg. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2020.100323

 

Published Mar. 23, 2020 8:59 AM - Last modified Mar. 26, 2020 1:54 PM