Brown Bag Seminar: Wangqiong Ye
Title: Teacher and principal perceptions of school emphasis on academic success and their effects on students’ mathematics achievement
Authors: Wangqiong Ye, Ronny Scherer, Sigrid Blömeke
Abstract: Previous studies had found a strong relationship between school emphasis on academic success and student achievement. However, less was known about the effects of academic emphases related to teachers, parents, and students. Besides, with access to both teacher and principal perceptions of school emphasis on academic success, no scholars investigated the congruent between them. Since different perceptions of a collective construct shed light on its validity improvement, this study used a manifest-latent state-trait model to examine the agreements and differences between teacher and principal perceptions of school emphasis on academic success, three subdimensions related to teachers, student, and parents were also explored in the research. Teachers and principals were found to have the highest and second-highest agreement over the parent and student subdimensions. With regard to the teacher subdimension, results were more mixed; relationships between teacher and principal perceptions were found not significant in the manifest-latent state-trait model but weakly associated in a conventional model. Furthermore, this study also examined the effects of school emphasis on academic success on student mathematics achievement via two-level random intercept models. Similar to previous research, this study also found the parent and student subdimension powerful in predicting student mathematics achievement. However, teachers and principals disagreed on the strongest predictor. Contrary to previous studies, we found significant associations between teacher subdimension and student achievement in both teacher and principal perceptions.
Keywords School emphasis on academic success, Academic optimism, Student mathematics achievement, Teacher-principal perceptions of school emphasis on academic success.
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