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Day 1-Tuesday 1. June

1040-1100: 1040 – 1100: Zoom open for coffee and mingling
1100-1130 Opening, including short break
1130- 1230 Plenary lecture: Rolf V. Olsen: More than 25 years of international large-scale assessments: Lessons learned about mathematics education in the Nordic countries 

Chair: Guri A. Nortvedt

1230- 1330 Lunch
1330- 1410

Regular paper session 1

1A: Linda Marie Ahl and Ola Helenius: A framework for analyzing progress in concept knowledge in mathematics textbooks. Chair: Mette Dreier Hjelmborg.

1B: Svanhild Breive and Martin Carlsen: The nature of mathematical inquiry amongst kindergarten children: More than questioning and verbalisations Chair: Maria Johanso

1C: Marte Bråtalien and Margrethe Naalsund: Undergraduate statistics students’ reasoning on simple linear regression. Chair: Raimundo José Elicer Coopman

1D: Elisabeta Eriksen, Ellen Hovik and Grethe Kjensli: Challenges in enacting classroom dialogue. Chair: Anita Valenta

1E: Janne Fauskanger: Learning mathematics teaching when rehearsing instruction. Chair: Jónína Vala Kristinsdóttir

1F: Inge Olav Hauge, Johan Lie, Yasmine Abtahi and Anders Grov Nilsen: Programming in the classroom as a tool for developing critical democratic competence in mathematics. Chair: Marianne Maugesten

1G: Karoline Holmgren: Teachers’ views of low performances in mathematics at vocational education. Chair: Timo Tossavainen

1H: Siv Ingrid Norkild, Anne Birgitte Fyhn and Ole Einar Hætta: Lávvu as a teaching arena: Identification of mathematical activities. Chair: Olof B. Steinthorsdottir

1410- 1425 Break, Zoom open
1425- 1510

Poster session

Poster A:

Maria Lundvin: Teaching of mathematical concepts in preschool! When then? How? 

Lena Karlsson: Equal preschool - More play more learning? 

Maria Walla: A discourse analysis of two mathematics assessments intended for six-year-old students in Sweden and Norway 

Poster B:

Mirela Vinerean, Maria Fahlgren and Attila Szabo: Prospective teachers constructing mathematical activities for gifted pupils using dynamic geometry software 

Anna Wernberg: Analysis of prospective teachers´ mathematics lesson plans 

Danai Dafnopoulou: Bilingual mathematics teacher's professional identity 

Poster C:

Oscar Skovdahl Jørstad, Henrik Galligani Ræder and Rolf Vegar Olsen: The older the better: The relative age effect on Norwegian numeracy tests 

Oksana Kovpanets: Item development – from idea to digital task 

Henrik Galligani Ræder and Rolf Vegar Olsen: Development of numeracy proficiency in the Norwegian context: How much does student’s numeracy proficiency improve from grade 5 to 9? 

1510- 1530 Coffee and mingling in Zoom
1530- 1610

Regular paper session 2

2A: Nils Buchholtz and Juliane Singstad: Learning modelling with math trails. Chair Pauline Vos

2B: Aleksandra Fadum, Bodil Kleve and Camilla Rodal: An investigation activity as a means of including students in mathematical sensemaking. Chair: Jan Nyquist Roksvold

2C: Silje Lekaus and Magni Hope Lossius: Facilitating argumentation in primary school. Chair: Andrea Hofmann

2D: Camilla Normann Justnes and Reidar Mosvold: The work of leading mathematical discussions in kindergarten: A Norwegian case study. Chair: Hege Kaarstein

2E: Jónína Vala Kristinsdóttir, Guðbjörg Pálsdóttir, Birna Hugrún Bjarnardóttir and Sólveig Zophoníasdóttir: Professional development program in Iceland based on the Swedish program Matematiklyftet. Chair: Janne Fauskanger

2F: Rune Herheim and Marit Johnsen-Høines: Students’ productive struggle when programming in mathematics. Chair: Odd Tore Kaufmann

2G: Anne Birgitte Fyhn, Andualem Tamiru Gebremichael, Sanna Vuomajoki and Inga Berit Karen Hætta Gaup: Sámi traditional measuring: Sámi preservice mathematics teachers’ approach to the new curriculum. Chair: Gaute Hovtun

2H: Aina Fossum and Bjørn Smestad: Changes in grades for the mathematics exam in lower secondary school in Norway. Chair: Trygve Solstad

2I: Anders Wiik: Trends in everyday mathematics: The case of newspaper weather forecasts. Chair: Johannes Przybilla


Join us in Zoom to play Borel!

Game master Helmer Aslaksen

Meet up in Zoom for an evening drink and meeting old and new friends

Day 2-Wednesday 2. June

0930-1030 Plenary lecture: Minna Hannula-Sormunen


Coffee and mingling in Zoom

Regular papers session 3

3A: Malin Gardesten: Investigating data collection methods for exploring mathematical and relational competencies involved in teaching mathematics. Chair: Astrid Junker

3B: Ragnhild Hansen: Supporting structural development in modelling at first grade. Chair: Nils Buchholtz

3C: Solomon A. Tesfamicael, Øyvind Andersen Lundeby, Berie Getie, Oduho George Ben Soforon: Problem posing in mathematics education: comparative study of textbooks in Ethiopia, Norway and South Sudan. Chair: Hege Kaarstein

3D: Cecilie Carlsen Bach & Uffe Thomas Jankvist: Representational infrastructures’ mediation on mathematical communication. Chair: Markus Hähkiöniemi

3E: Suela Kacerja and Inger Elin Lilland: “A bit uncomfortable”- preservice primary teachers’ focus when planning mathematical modelling activities. Chair: Janne Fauskanger

3F: Timo Tossavainen, Ragnhild Johanne Rensaa and Pentti Haukkanen: Norwegian, Swedish and Finnish first-year engineering students' motivational values and beliefs about the nature of mathematics. Chair: Marte Bråtalien

3G: Carita E. Eira Varjola, Anne Birgitte Fyhn and May-Torill Siri: Sámi concepts of pattern intertwined with cultural context. Chair: Elise Klaveness

3H: Gunnhild Saksvik-Raanes and Trygve Solstad: Developing a formative, teacher-oriented, digital tool to assess number sense in school starters. Chair: Jørgen Sjåstad

3I: Odd Tore Kaufmann, Børre Stenseth, Stein Arnold Berggren and Sanna Forsström: ‘What’s my angle’? Students cooperating to make a square. Chair: Bodil Kleve

1140-1150 Short break

Regular paper session 4

4A: Mathilde Kjær Pedersen: Mathematical thinking competency when using digital technology in investigations of differentiability. Chair: Farzad Radmehr

4B: Antoine Julien and Kjærand Iversen: Probability explorations via computer simulations in a Norwegian classroom: a discursive approach. Chair: Inge Olav Hauge

4C: Gaute Hovtun, Reidar Mosvold, Raymond Bjuland, Janne Fauskanger, Åsmund Lillevik Gjære, Arne Jakobsen, and Morten Søyland Kristensen: Exploring opportunities to learn mathematics in practice-based teacher education: A Norwegian case study. Chair: Bettina Dahl Søndergaard

4D: Tamsin Meaney, Troels Lange, Ragnhild Hansen, Rune Herheim, Toril Eskeland Rangnes and Nils Henry W. Rasmussen: Surveying mathematics preservice teachers. Chair: Päivi Portaankorva-Koivisto

4E: Susanne Koch Stigberg, Tore Marius Akerbæk and Henrik Stigberg: Developing genres of educational programming videos to support mathematics teachers utilize programming in the classroom. Chair: Mette Andresen

4F: Magdalini Lada and Iveta Kohanová: Student teachers’ beliefs shaped by History of Mathematics: the case of the Construction Problems of Antiquity and Euclidean Geometry. Chair: Bjørn Smestad

4G: Vigdis Flottorp and Deepika Vyas: Spontaneous mathematical situations with young children. Chair: Anna Ida Säfström

4H: Margrethe Naalsund, Marte Bråtalien and Joakim Skogholt. On the value of interthinking for mathematical learning. Chair: Elisabet Mellroth

1230-1330 Lunch

Short communication presentations, session SC-1

Session SC-1A: Chair Olov Viirman

SC-1A-1: Stig Eriksen and Pauline Vos: Evaluating example tasks against the new core elements   for grade 11 in Norway – what do tasks communicate?

SC-1A-2: Jørgen Sjaastad: Rich tasks and the Hagland, Hedrén and Taflin approach

SC-1A-3: Anna Holmlund: Exploring students’ learning of formulas involving three variables

Session SC-1B: Chairs: Guri A. Nortvedt  and Jelena Radišić

SC-1B-1: Guri Nortvedt: What happens to students who are identified as at-risk in the national numeracy mapping tests for grade 1?

SC-1B-2: Karianne Berg Bratting, Oksana Kovpanets, Guri Nortvedt, Andreas Pettersen, Anubha Rohatgi: Primary school teachers’ assessment literacy

SC-1B-3: Jelena Radišić, Hege Kaarstein, Nils Buchholtz, and Guri A. Nortvedt: TIMSS data as a source in understanding students’  misconceptions in mathematics

Session SC-1C: Chair: Pauline Vos and Anders Wiik

SC-1C-1: Arve Fiskerstrand: Literature review – parental involvement and mathematics outcome

SC-1C-2: Anders Wiik: Exploring university students’ visual-numeric literacy

SC-1C-3: Pauline Vos and Peter Frejd: Grade 8 students creating Sankey diagrams to model, visualize and communicate complex processes

Session SC-1D: Chair: Gudbjorg Palsdottir

SC-1D-1: Markus Hähkiöniemi, Antti Lehtinen, Pasi Nieminen, Salla Pehkonen and Jarmo Leskinen: Second grade students mathematical thinking in balance simulation

SC-1D-2: Annika Bachmann and Eva Müller-Hill: Decisions in mathematical problem-solving processes: An exploratory video study

SC-1D-3: Olof B. Steinthorsdottir, Jonina Vala Kristinsdottir and Gudbjorg Palsdottir: Children’s engagement with word problems

Session SC-1E: Chair: Anna Wernberg

SC-1E-1: Laura Fainsilber and Johanna Pejlare: Student teachers' learning and teaching mathematics with programming

SC-1E-2: Johanna Pejlare and Laura Fainsilber: Exploring student teachers’ instrumental genesis of programming

SC-1E-3: Diana Paola Piedra Moreno: Pre-service teachers making sense of ICT integration

Session SC-1F: Chair: Janne Fauskanger

SC-1F-1: Sigurd Hals: Modes of reasoning within defining activities in primary mathematics

SC-1F-2: Andrea Hofmann: Teachers' understandings of proof, proving and reasoning

SC-IF-3: Anneli Dyrvold and Kajsa Bråting: The integration of programming in school mathematics: opportunities offered by digital teaching materials

1440-1500 Coffee and mingling in Zoom

NOMAD presentation

In this NOMAD presentation, Associate professor Janne Fauskanger (University of Stavanger, Norway) and Professor Martin Carlsen (University of Agder, Norway) are going to do two things. Firstly we will announce the winner of NOMAD's Best paper award from the period 2017-2019.

Secondly, we will present the journal Nordic Studies in Mathematics Education, important and relevant information from the journal, the journal's current situation, article processing in NOMAD, and the history of the journal. We welcome all to this presentation, to celebrate the winner of the Best paper award and to inform previous, current and future authors about the journal.

1540-1550 Short break

Regular paper session 5

5A: Astrid Junker & Guri A. Nortvedt: Relations between Grade 1 Students’ Verbal and Nonverbal Reasoning and Number Sense. Chair: Svanhild Breive

5B: Jan Roksvold and Per Øystein Haavold: Using pathologies as starting points for inquiry-based mathematics education: The case of the palindrome. Chair: Suela Kacerja

5C: Ramesh Gautam and Raymond Bjuland: Realization of the mathematical signifier 25 × 12. Chair: Frode Rønning

5D: Olaug Ellen Lona Svingen: How does professional development influence Norwegian teachers’ discourses on good mathematics teaching? Chair: Janne Fauskanger

5E: Marianne Maugesten, Henrik Stigberg and Susanne Stigberg: Examining TPACK among 8th-10th grade teachers after introducing a Use-Modify-Create programming approach. Chair: Kajsa Bråting

5F: Irene Skoland Andreassen, Hans Kristian Nilsen and Pauline Vos: Characterizing the relevance of mathematics as perceived by grade 8 students in a worplace related project. Chair: Berglind Gísladóttir

5G: Farzad Radmehr and Michael Drake: Exploring students’ metacognition in relation to an integral-area evaluation task. Chair: Eva Norén

5H: Andreas Bergwall and Elisabet Mellroth: Teachers’ choice of a challenging task through collaborative learning: Chair: Troels Lange


Social programme – 2nd World War around Majorstua, Oslo, Norway. Lecture and Q&A session with Helmer Aslaksen

Day 3-Thursday 3. June


Plenary lecture: Paul Drijvers. Abstract pdf (
Chair: Nils Buchholtz


Coffee and mingling in Zoom

General assembly

1200-1300 Lunch

Regular papers session 6

6A: Paul Andrews, Marta Molina, Mona Nosrati, Jöran Petersson, Eva Rosenqvist, Judy Sayers, Pernille B. Sunde and Constantinos Xenofontos: The role of number line estimation in mathematics teaching and learning: A narrative literature review. Chair: Anna Wernberg

6B: Ingunn Valbekmo and Anne-Gunn Svorkmo: Whiteboards as a problem-solving tool. Chair: Ingi Heinesen Højsted

6C: Ingi H. Højsted & Maria A. Mariotti: Guidelines for the teacher – are they possible? Chair: Audrey Cooke

6D: Nils Henry W. Rasmussen, Rune Herheim, Ragnhild Hansen, Troels Lange, Tamsin Meaney and Toril Eskeland Rangnes: Surveying preservice teachers’ understanding of aspects of mathematics teaching – a cluster analysis approach. Chair: Eivind Kaspersen

6E: Erik Bergqvist: An inquiry of different interpretations of programming in conjunction with mathematics teaching. Chair: Margrethe Naalsund

6F: Maria Kristine Østergaard: When beliefs about oneself hinder the development of beliefs about mathematics as a discipline. Chair: Päivi Portaankorva-Koivisto

6G: Vegard Topphol: A novel application of the instrumental approach in research on mathematical tasks. 

1340-1350 Break

Regular papers session 7

7A: Anna Ida Säfström and Görel Sterner: Structuring activities for discovering mathematical structure: designing a teaching sequence for grade 1. Chair: Antoine Laurent Christophe Julien. 

7B: Ingeborg K. Lid Berget. Evaluation of teachers' example tasks of mathematical modelling in Norwegian upper secondary school. Chair: Andreas Pettersen. 

7C: Johannes Przybilla, Matthias Brandl, Mirela Vinerean and Yvonne Liljekvist: Interactive Mathematical Maps – A contextualized way of meaningful Learning. Chair: Ragnhild Hansen. 

7D: Dorte Moeskær Larsen, Lene Junge and Mette Hjelmborg. From the perspective of a student-driven teacher: the compromises when teaching a new class in mathematics. Chair: Nils Henry Williams Rasmussen

7E: Odd Tore Kaufmann and Marianne Maugesten: I don’t know much about programming, but I think it is good for mathematics. Chair: Cecilia KIlhamn

7F: Tore Forbregd, Eivind Kaspersen, Hermund André Torkildsen and Trygve Solstad: Compromises between required and preferred features of mathematical definitions in mathematics education. Chair: Ola Helenius

7G: Melih Turgut and Iveta Kohanová: Students’ perceptions and challenges regarding mathematics teaching cycle in practices of historical and philosophical aspects of mathematics course. Chair: Inger Elin Lilland

CANCELLED: 7H: Örjan Hansson: Mathematics in physics classrooms: a case study on mathematical reasoning in relation to the notion of specific heat capacity. Chair: Christoph Kirfel

1430-1500 Coffee and mingling in zoom

Short communication presentations, session SC-2, and Working groups

Session SC-2A: Chair: Jóhann Örn Sigurjónsson

SC2A-1: Alexander Jonas Viktor Selling and Kirsti Klette: Teacher-set goals in Nordic mathematics classrooms

SC2A-2: Jorryt van Bommel, Michael Tengberg, Marie Tanner and Michael Walkert: Prevalent modes of teaching mathematics: Grade 7, Sweden

SC2A-3: Berglind Gísladóttir: Quality in Mathematics teaching in Icelandic compulsory schools

Session SC-2B: Chair: Margrethe Naalsund

SC-2B-1: Ingeborg Katrin Lid Berget: Evaluating engagement in real-life situations in the teaching of mathematical modelling by a scenario-based domain model

SC-2B-2: Ingólfur Gíslason: When students don’t say what they are expected to say

­SC-2B-3: Carina Spreitzer: The Relationship Between Measures of School Quality, Instructional Quality And Mathematics Achievement: Developing a Framework

Session SC-2C: Chair: Päivi Portaankorva-Koivisto

SC-2C-1: Pieti Tolvanen: Meaning of the equals sign: the case of Finnish 5th graders

SC-2C-2: Bjarnheiður (Bea) Kristinsdóttir, Freyja Hreinsdóttir and Zsolt Lavicza: Important input from teachers during the further development of silent video tasks’ instructional sequence

SC-2C-3: Freyja Hreinsdóttir: Insight into Mathematics Teachers´ view of PISA results in Iceland

Session SC-2D: Chair: Niclas Larson

SC-2D-1: Antje Meijer: Exploration of teacher students’ choice of mathematical concept in the context of a photography-based teaching intervention

­ SC-2D-2: Oduor Olande and Jöran Petersson: Horizontal and vertical mathematisation in inquiry based pedagogy

SC-2D-3: Þórgunnur Óttarsdóttir: Observing  and supporting teachers in developmental work - aiming for changes and diversity in mathematics teaching

Working group: Anna Ida Säfström, Anna Teledahl, Ida Bergvall and Anneli Dyrvold: Perspectives on teachers’ support to students in problem solving.

1615-1645 Meet the presenter Barbara Jaworski in Zoom main room

Meet us in Zoom and join up on an international team for a quiz and scientific chit-chat

Day 4-Friday 4. June


Regular papers session 8

8A: Jöran Petersson, Eva Rosenqvist, Judy Sayers and Paul Andrews: Swedish parents’ perspectives on home-school communication and year-one pupils learning of mathematics. Chair: Camilla Normann Justnes

8B: Selma Music and Camilla Björklund: Identifying mathematical problem solving in a preschool activity. Chair: Martin Carlsen

8C: Mona Karbaschi Vee and Tamsin Meaney: Kindergarten preservice teachers evaluating mathematical apps. Chair: Jelena Radisic

8D: Marianne Thomsen: Working with Euclid’s geometry in GeoGebra – experiencing embedded discourses. Chair: Susanne Stigberg

8E: Beate Lode: Analyzing Learning Loop contexts of preservice teachers professionalizing in teaching mathematical modelling: «Should the turn be counted, or not ...? ». Chair: Guðbjörg Pálsdóttir

8F: Janne Fauskanger and Raymond Bjuland: Learning professional noticing by co-planning mathematics instruction. Chair: Bjarnheiður Kristinsdóttir

8G: Audrey Cooke, Maria Johansson and Eva Norén: Identifying the mathematical exploration in playing with commercial toy for preverbal children. Chair: Camilla Björklund

8H: Raimundo Elicer: A crowd size estimation task in the context of protests in Chile. Chair: Anne Fyhn

1010-1020 Break

Regular papers session 9

9A: Trude Fosse and Tamsin Meaney: Milieus of learning in a Norwegian mathematics textbook. Chair: Solomon Abedom Tesfamicael

9B: Marius Lie Winger, Trygve Solstad and Eivind Kaspersen: Characterisation of fraction representation transformations of Norwegian preservice teachers. Chair: Nils Buchholtz

9C: Sigrun Holmedal: Teachers’talk about attainment grouping in mathematics: the role of fixed ability beliefs. Chair: Andreas Bergwall

9D: Saeed Manshadi: Communicating mathematics in a real-life context. Chair: Elisabeta Eriksen

9E: Anna Holmlund: Different ways of experiencing multiplicative equations. Chair: Ann-Sofi Röj-Lindberg

9F: Cecilia Kilhamn, Kajsa Bråting and Lennart Rolandsson: Teachers’ arguments for including programming in mathematics education. Chair: Rune Herheim

9G: Birgitte Henriksen: Mathematics teaching in the Danish kindergarten class – An empirical study based on CLASS. Chair: Magni Lossius

9H: Mette Andresen and Bettina Dahl Søndergaard: The Project Forum model as a learning community for mathematics teacher educators in Denmark. Chair: Reidar Mosvold

1100-1130 Coffee and mingling in Zoom
1130-1230 Plenary lecture: Barbara Jaworski. 

Chair: Olov Viirman

1230-1245  Closing including short presentation of NORMA23 by the conference chair 
1245 We all say our goodbyes in Zoom

International Programme Committe (IPC) Norma 20


  • Guri A. Nortvedt, University of Oslo (Chair)
  • Nils Buchholtz, University of Oslo
  • Jelena Radisic, University of Oslo
  • Margrethe Naalsund, NMBU
  • Janne Fauskanger, University of Stavanger
  • Hans Kristian Nilsen, Universitetet i Agder


  • Anna Wernberg, Malmö University
  • Yvonne Liljekvist, Karlstad University


  • Britta Eyrich Jessen, University of Copenhagen
  • Morten Misfeldt, University of Copenhagen


  • Päivi Portaankorva-Koivisto, Helsinki university
  • Markus Hähkioniemi, University of Jyväskylä


  • Jüri Kurvits, Tallinn University


  • Guðbjörg Pálsdóttir, University of Island
  • Freyja Hreinsdóttir, University of Island
Published Nov. 23, 2018 12:23 PM - Last modified June 11, 2021 1:09 PM