Ronny Scherer

Image of Ronny Scherer
Norwegian version of this page
Phone +47-22844402
Room 616
Visiting address Niels Henrik Abels Hus
Postal address Postboks 1099 Blindern 0317 OSLO

Academic interests

My research focuses on computer-based assessment, log-file data analysis, the measurement of complex skills, and meta-analysis.

Substantive Focus:

  • Measurement of complex skills, including complex problem solving, adaptability, critical thinking, collaboration, computational thinking, and scientific inquiry
  • Transfer effects of learning computer programming
  • Integration and effects of digital technology

Methodological Focus:

  • Computer-based assessments and log file analyses
  • Multilevel structural equation modeling (MSEM)
  • Meta-analytic structural equation modeling (MASEM)

Opportunities for supervision

Feel free to get in touch if you are a Master or PhD student who is interested in one or more of the focus areas outlined above.


  • Structural Equation Modeling Workshops, PIAAC Conference & Oxford University Summer School 2017
  • Academic writing (empirical papers), University of Oslo, since 2016
  • Multilevel Regression Analysis, University of Oslo, Norway, since 2014
  • Basic and Advanced Statistical Methods, Berlin Charité, Germany, since 2012
  • Scientific Methodology and Science Education, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2008-2013


  • Senior researcher, CEMO, University of Oslo, Norway, 2018
  • Postdoctoral Researcher, CEMO, University of Oslo, Norway, 2014-2018
  • Postdoctoral Researcher, Durham University, UK; Humboldt Graduate School, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany, 2013
  • PhD student, Chemistry Education, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany, 2008-2012


Research projects

  • Transfer effects and malleability of computer programming skills - Meta-analyses (PROSPERO 2016:CRD42016051756)
  • Considerations of unreliability in correlation- and parameter-based MASEM
  • Measurement of computational thinking in science (CCSE at UiO)
  • Educational assessments of the 21st century: Measuring and understanding students’ adaptability in complex problem solving situations (ADAPT21; funded by The Research Council of Norway 2016-2019; role: PI)
  • OECD Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) 2018
  • OECD PIAAC Problem Solving Working Group 2021/22
  • Critical thinking skills in a changing world - An approach to the design of classroom-based assessments (together with IPED; funded by The Brookings Institution)
  • Bridging the gap between theory and practice - Fostering teacher students' data literacy (together with Trude Nilsen; funded by Såkornmidler at ILS)
Tags: Computer-based assessment, Meta-analysis, Psychometrics


  • Scherer, Ronny; Siddiq, Fazilat & Tondeur, Jo (2019). The technology acceptance model (TAM): A meta-analytic structural equation modeling approach to explaining teachers’ adoption of digital technology in education. Computers & Education.  ISSN 0360-1315.  128, s 13- 35 . doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2018.09.009 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Greiff, Samuel & Scherer, Ronny (2018). Complex Problem Solving and Its Position in the Wider Realm of the Human Intellect. Journal of Intelligence.  ISSN 2079-3200.  6(5) . doi: 10.3390/jintelligence6010005 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Greiff, Samuel & Scherer, Ronny (2018). Still Comparing Apples With Oranges? Some Thoughts on the Principles and Practices of Measurement Invariance Testing. European Journal of Psychological Assessment.  ISSN 1015-5759.  34(3), s 141- 144 . doi: 10.1027/1015-5759/a000487
  • Nerstad, Christina G. L.; Rosalind, Searle; Černe, Matej; Dysvik, Anders; Škerlavaj, Miha & Scherer, Ronny (2018). Perceived Mastery Climate, Felt Trust, and Knowledge Sharing. Journal of Organizational Behavior.  ISSN 0894-3796.  39(4), s 429- 447 . doi: 10.1002/job.2241 Show summary
  • Nilsen, Trude; Scherer, Ronny & Blömeke, Sigrid (2018). The relation of science teachers' quality and instruction to student motivation and achievement in the 4th and 8th grade: A Nordic perspective, In Nordic Council of Ministers (ed.),  Northern Lights on TIMSS and PISA 2018.  Nordic Council of Ministers:.  ISBN 978-92-893-5565-0.  Chapter 3.  s 61 - 94
  • Scherer, Ronny & Guttersrud, Øystein (2018). Observing the World Through Your Own Lenses – The Role of Perceived Adaptability for Epistemological Beliefs About the Development of Scientific Knowledge. Frontiers in Psychology.  ISSN 1664-1078.  9 . doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01006 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Scherer, Ronny; Siddiq, Fazilat & Sánchez Viveros, Bárbara (2018). The Cognitive Benefits of Learning Computer Programming: A Meta-Analysis of Transfer Effects. Journal of Educational Psychology.  ISSN 0022-0663. . doi: 10.1037/edu0000314 Show summary
  • Scherer, Ronny; Tondeur, Jo; Siddiq, Fazilat & Baran, Evrim (2018). The importance of attitudes toward technology for pre-service teachers' technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge: Comparing structural equation modeling approaches. Computers in Human Behavior.  ISSN 0747-5632.  80, s 67- 80 . doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2017.11.003 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Scherer, Ronny & Wiberg, Marie (2018). Special feature: advanced technologies in educational assessment. Behaviormetrika.  ISSN 0385-7417. . doi: 10.1007/s41237-018-0071-y
  • Strietholt, Rolf & Scherer, Ronny (2018). The Contribution of International Large-Scale Assessments to Educational Research: Combining Individual and Institutional Data Sources. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research.  ISSN 0031-3831.  62(3), s 368- 385 . doi: 10.1080/00313831.2016.1258729 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Teig, Nani; Scherer, Ronny & Nilsen, Trude (2018). More isn't always better: The curvilinear relationship between inquiry-based teaching and student achievement in science. Learning and Instruction.  ISSN 0959-4752.  56, s 20- 29 . doi: 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2018.02.006 Show summary
  • Greiff, Samuel; Scheiter, Katharina; Scherer, Ronny; Borgonovi, Francesca; Britt, M. Anne; Graesser, Arthur C.; Kitajima, Muneo & Rouet, Jean-François (2017). Adaptive problem solving - Moving towards a new assessment domain in the second cycle of PIAAC. OECD Education Working Papers.  ISSN 1993-9019. . doi: 10.1787/90fde2f4-en
  • Greiff, Samuel; Scherer, Ronny & Kirschner, Paul A. (2017). Some critical reflections on the special issue: Current innovations in computer-based assessments. Computers in Human Behavior.  ISSN 0747-5632.  76, s 715- 718 . doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2017.08.019 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Hatlevik, Ove Edvard; Scherer, Ronny & Christophersen, Knut-Andreas (2017). Moving beyond the study of gender differences: An analysis of measurement invariance and differential item functioning of an ICT literacy scale. Computers & Education.  ISSN 0360-1315.  113, s 280- 293 . doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2017.06.003 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Heitmann, Patricia; Hecht, Martin; Scherer, Ronny & Schwanewedel, Julia (2017). "Learning science is about facts and language learning is about being discursive" - An empirical investigation of students' disciplinary beliefs in the context of argumentation. Frontiers in Psychology.  ISSN 1664-1078.  8(946), s 1- 16 . doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00946 Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Hjetland, Hanne Næss; Brinchmann, Ellen Iren; Scherer, Ronny & Melby-Lervåg, Monica (2017). Preschool predictors of later reading comprehension ability: a systematic review. Campbell systematic reviews.  ISSN 1891-1803.  14 . doi: 10.4073/csr.2017.14 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Lotz, Christin; Scherer, Ronny; Greiff, Samuel & Sparfeldt, J. R. (2017). Intelligence in action – Effective strategic behaviors while solving complex problems. Intelligence.  ISSN 0160-2896.  64, s 98- 112 . doi: 10.1016/j.intell.2017.08.002 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Scherer, Ronny (2017). The Quest for the Holy Grail of Validity in Science Assessments: A Comment on Kampa and Köller (2016) “German National Proficiency Scales in Biology: Internal Structure, Relations to General Cognitive Abilities and Verbal Skills”. Science Education.  ISSN 0036-8326.  101(5), s 845- 853 . doi: 10.1002/sce.21278 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Scherer, Ronny & Hatlevik, Ove Edvard (2017). "Sore eyes and distracted" or "excited and confident"? – The role of perceived negative consequences of using ICT for perceived usefulness and self-efficacy. Computers & Education.  ISSN 0360-1315.  115, s 188- 200 . doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2017.08.003 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Scherer, Ronny; Rohatgi, Anubha & Hatlevik, Ove Edvard (2017). Students' profiles of ICT use: Identification, determinants, and relations to achievement in a computer and information literacy test. Computers in Human Behavior.  ISSN 0747-5632.  70, s 486- 499 . doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2017.01.034 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Scherer, Ronny & Siddiq, Fazilat (2017). Revealing the processes of students' interaction with a novel collaborative problem solving task: An in-depth analysis of think-aloud protocols. Computers in Human Behavior.  ISSN 0747-5632.  76, s 509- 525 . doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2017.08.007 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Scherer, Ronny; Tondeur, Jo & Siddiq, Fazilat (2017). On the quest for validity: Testing the factor structure and measurement invariance of the technology-dimensions in the Technological, Pedagogical, and Content Knowledge (TPACK) model. Computers & Education.  ISSN 0360-1315.  112, s 1- 17 . doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2017.04.012 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Tondeur, Jo; Scherer, Ronny; Siddiq, Fazilat & Baran, Evrim (2017). A comprehensive investigation of TPACK within pre-service teachers' ICT profiles: Mind the gap!. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology.  ISSN 1449-5554.  33(3), s 46- 60 . doi: 10.14742/ajet.3504 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Bergem, Ole Kristian; Nilsen, Trude & Scherer, Ronny (2016). Undervisningskvalitet i Matematikk, I: Ole Kristian Bergem; Hege Kaarstein & Trude Nilsen (red.),  Vi kan lykkes i realfag - Resultater og analyser fra TIMSS 2015.  Universitetsforlaget.  ISBN 978-82-15-02798-2.  Chapter 7.  s 120 - 136 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Greiff, Samuel; Niepel, Christoph; Scherer, Ronny & Martin, Romain (2016). Understanding students' performance in a computer-based assessment of complex problem solving: An analysis of behavioral data from computer-generated log files. Computers in Human Behavior.  ISSN 0747-5632.  61, s 36- 46 . doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2016.02.095
  • Rohatgi, Anubha; Scherer, Ronny & Hatlevik, Ove Edvard (2016). The role of ICT self-efficacy for students' ICT use and their achievement in a computer and information literacy test. Computers & Education.  ISSN 0360-1315.  102, s 103- 116 . doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2016.08.001
  • Scherer, Ronny (2016). Learning from the Past – The Need for Empirical Evidence on the Transfer Effects of Computer Programming Skills. Frontiers in Psychology.  ISSN 1664-1078.  7(1390) . doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01390 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Scherer, Ronny; Jansen, Malte; Nilsen, Trude; Areepattamannil, Shaljan & Marsh, Herbert W. (2016). The quest for comparability: Studying the invariance of the teachers' sense of self-efficacy (TSES) measure across countries. PLoS ONE.  ISSN 1932-6203.  11(3) . doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0150829 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Scherer, Ronny & Nilsen, Trude (2016). The Relations Among School Climate, Instructional Quality, and Achievement Motivation in Mathematics, In Trude Nilsen & Jan-Eric Gustafsson (ed.),  Teacher Quality, Instructional Quality and Student Outcome. Relationships Across Countries, Cohorts and Time..  Springer.  ISBN 978-3-319-41251-1.  chapter 3.  s 51 - 80 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Scherer, Ronny; Nilsen, Trude & Jansen, Malte (2016). Evaluating Individual Students’ Perceptions of Instructional Quality: An Investigation of their Factor Structure, Measurement Invariance, and Relations to Educational Outcomes. Frontiers in Psychology.  ISSN 1664-1078.  7 . doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00110 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Siddiq, Fazilat; Hatlevik, Ove Edvard; Olsen, Rolf Vegar; Throndsen, Inger & Scherer, Ronny (2016). Taking a future perspective by learning from the past - A systematic review of assessment instruments that aim to measure primary and secondary school students' ICT literacy. Educational Research Review.  ISSN 1747-938X.  19, s 58- 84 . doi: 10.1016/j.edurev.2016.05.002
  • Siddiq, Fazilat & Scherer, Ronny (2016). The relation between teachers’ emphasis on the development of students’ digital information and communication skills and computer self-efficacy: the moderating roles of age and gender. Large-scale assessments in education.  ISSN 2196-0739.  4 . doi: 10.1186/s40536-016-0032-4 Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Siddiq, Fazilat; Scherer, Ronny & Tondeur, Jo (2016). Teachers' emphasis on developing students' digital information and communication skills (TEDDICS): A new construct in 21st century education. Computers & Education.  ISSN 0360-1315.  92-93, s 1- 14 . doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2015.10.006
  • Teig, Nani & Scherer, Ronny (2016). Bringing formal and informal reasoning together - A new era of assessment?. Frontiers in Psychology.  ISSN 1664-1078.  7 . doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01097 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Tondeur, Jo; van Braak, Johan; Siddiq, Fazilat & Scherer, Ronny (2016). Time for a new approach to prepare future teachers for educational technology use: Its meaning and measurement.. Computers & Education.  ISSN 0360-1315.  94, s 134- 150 . doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2015.11.009
  • Jansen, Malte; Scherer, Ronny & Schroeders, Ulrich (2015). Students' self-concept and self-efficacy in the sciences: Differential relations to antecedents and educational outcomes. Contemporary Educational Psychology.  ISSN 0361-476X.  41, s 13- 24 . doi: 10.1016/j.cedpsych.2014.11.002
  • Scherer, Ronny (2015). Is it time for a new measurement approach? A closer look at the assessment of cognitive adaptability in complex problem solving. Frontiers in Psychology.  ISSN 1664-1078.  6 . doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01664 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Scherer, Ronny (2015). Psychometric Challenges in Modeling Scientific Problem-Solving Competency: An Item Response Theory Approach, In Berthold Lausen; Sabine Krolak-Schwerdt & Matthias Böhmer (ed.),  Data Science, Learning by Latent Structures, and Knowledge Discovery.  Springer.  ISBN 978-3-662-44982-0.  chapter.  s 379 - 388
  • Scherer, Ronny; Greiff, Samuel & Hautamaeki, Jarkko (2015). Exploring the Relation between Time on Task and Ability in Complex Problem Solving. Intelligence.  ISSN 0160-2896.  48, s 37- 50 . doi: 10.1016/j.intell.2014.10.003
  • Scherer, Ronny & Gustafsson, Jan-Eric (2015). Student assessment of teaching as a source of information about aspects of teaching quality in multiple subject domains: an application of multilevel bifactor structural equation modeling. Frontiers in Psychology.  ISSN 1664-1078.  6 . doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01550 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Scherer, Ronny & Gustafsson, Jan-Eric (2015). The relations among openness, perseverance, and performance in creative problem solving: A substantive-methodological approach. Thinking Skills and Creativity.  ISSN 1871-1871.  18, s 4- 17 . doi: 10.1016/j.tsc.2015.04.004
  • Scherer, Ronny & Siddiq, Fazilat (2015). Revisiting teachers' computer self-efficacy: A differentiated view on gender differences. Computers in Human Behavior.  ISSN 0747-5632.  53, s 48- 57 . doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.06.038
  • Scherer, Ronny & Siddiq, Fazilat (2015). The Big-Fish-Little-Pond-Effect revisited: Do different types of assessments matter?. Computers & Education.  ISSN 0360-1315.  80, s 198- 210 . doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2014.09.003
  • Scherer, Ronny; Siddiq, Fazilat & Teo, Timothy (2015). Becoming more specific: Measuring and modeling teachers' perceived usefulness of ICT in the context of teaching and learning. Computers & Education.  ISSN 0360-1315.  88, s 202- 214 . doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2015.05.005
  • Scherer, Ronny (2014). Komplexes Problemlösen im Fach Chemie: Ein domänenspezifischer Zugang. Zeitschrift für pädagogische Psychologie.  ISSN 1010-0652.  28(4), s 181- 192 . doi: 10.1024/1010-0652/a000136
  • Scherer, Ronny & Beckmann, Jens F. (2014). The acquisition of problem solving competence: evidence from 41 countries that math and science education matters. Large-scale assessments in education.  ISSN 2196-0739.  2(10) . doi: 10.1186/s40536-014-0010-7
  • Scherer, Ronny; Messinger-Koppelt, Jenny & Tiemann, Ruediger (2014). Developing a computerbased assessment of complex problem solving in chemistry. International Journal of STEM education.  ISSN 2196-7822.  1 . doi: 10.1186/2196-7822-1-2
  • Scherer, Ronny & Tiemann, Rüdiger (2012). Factors of problem-solving competency in a virtual chemistry environment:The role of metacognitive knowledge about strategies. Computers & Education.  ISSN 0360-1315.  59, s 1199- 1214 . doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2012.05.020

View all works in Cristin

  • Hjetland, Hanne Næss; Brinchmann, Ellen Iren; Scherer, Ronny & Melby-Lervåg, Monica (2018). Preschool predictors of later reading comprehension ability: a Campbell systematic review.
  • Scherer, Ronny; Siddiq, Fazilat & Sánchez Viveros, Bárbara (2018). Technology and the Mind: Does Learning to Code Improve Cognitive Skills?. Proceedings / ACM Multimedia Conference. . doi: 10.1145/3183654.3183658 Show summary
  • Kluge, Anders; Boothby, Russel Clark; Dolonen, Jan Arild; Scherer, Ronny & Ludvigsen, Sten Runar (2017). Critical Thinking in a Changing World: A Formative Report of the Conceptualization, Assessment, and Implementation of Critical Thinking Skills in 21st Century Education.
  • Kluge, Anders; Boothby, Russel Clark; Dolonen, Jan Arild; Scherer, Ronny & Ludvigsen, Sten Runar (2017). Critical Thinking in a Changing World: ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK.
  • Scherer, Ronny; Greiff, Samuel & Kirschner, Paul A. (2017). Editorial to the special issue: Current innovations in computer-based assessments. Computers in Human Behavior.  ISSN 0747-5632.  76, s 604- 606 . doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2017.08.020 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Scherer, Ronny & Nilsen, Trude (2017). Relations between School Climate, Instructional Quality, and Educational Outcomes.
  • Scherer, Ronny & Nilsen, Trude (2017). Relations between School Climate, Instructional Quality, and Educational Outcomes: Findings from TIMSS 2015 in Norway.
  • Siddiq, Fazilat & Scherer, Ronny (2017). Is there a gap? A meta-analytic review of the gender and SES effects on students’ ICT literacy.
  • Nerstad, Christina G. L.; Glasø, Lars; Dysvik, Anders & Scherer, Ronny (2016). The mechanism to protest at work: A multilevel study. Academy of Management. Annual Meeting Proceedings.  ISSN 2151-6561.  (1) . doi: 10.5465/AMBPP.2016.10864abstract
  • Nerstad, Christina G. L.; Glasø, Lars; Dysvik, Anders & Scherer, Ronny (2016). The mechanism to protest at work: A multilevel study.
  • Siddiq, Fazilat & Scherer, Ronny (2016). Do Age and Gender Matter for the Relation Between Teachers’ Computer Self-efficacy and their Emphasis on Developing Students’ Digital Skills?.
  • Siddiq, Fazilat & Scherer, Ronny (2016). Investigating student-student interactions in an assessment of collaborative problem solving: An in-depth analysis of think-aloud protocols.
  • Siddiq, Fazilat & Scherer, Ronny (2015). Teachers Emphasis on Developing Students Digital Information and Communication Skills (TEDDICS) - Looking at 21st Century Education.
  • Siddiq, Fazilat & Scherer, Ronny (2015). Teachers’ Perceived usefulness of ICT in teaching and learning: An important determinant of ICT integration in classroom practices.
  • Nilsen, Trude; Scherer, Ronny; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Bergem, Ole Kristian & Lehre, Anne- Catherine W G (2014). Quality of Instruction and Teacher Motivation mediating the effect of School Emphasis on Academic Success on achievement.
  • Scherer, Ronny (2014). Actions to improve learning outcomes in Germany (Tiltak som har gitt bedre læringsutbytte i Tyskland).
  • Scherer, Ronny (2014). Issues of construct validity in problem solving assessments: Generalizability and invariance across schools and countries.
  • Scherer, Ronny (2014). Psychometric challenges in modeling scientific problem-solving competency: An item response theory approach.
  • Scherer, Ronny (2014). Schuleffekte bei der Erfassung analytischer Problemlösekompetenz: Eine Analyse der Messinvarianz im Mehrebenenfall.
  • Scherer, Ronny & Braeken, Johan (2014). The issue of item dependencies in problem solving assessments: Comparing different modeling approaches.
  • Scherer, Ronny; Jansen, Malte & Schroeders, Ulrich (2014). Selbstkonzept und Selbstwirksamkeit in den Naturwissenschaften: Empirische Trennbarkeit und differenzielle Zusammenhänge mit Motiven, Unterrichtsaktivitäten und Leistungen.
  • Siddiq, Fazilat & Scherer, Ronny (2014). The Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect in Computer-Based Math Assessments – Do Computers Really Matter?.

View all works in Cristin

Published May 7, 2018 11:15 AM - Last modified June 23, 2018 3:06 PM