10:15-11:00 How are Artists Inspired to Create Innovative Work?
Takeshi Okada, Graduate School of Education, University of Tokyo
- Based on a review of psychological theories of artistic expression and on empirical studies of the artistic creation process of contemporary artists, I propose a model to describe the process of artistic creation. The model connects several features of previous theories, such as the interactive cycle between perception and action, the process of expression, the interactive cycle between action and reflection, the relationship with art culture, and the role of concept modification. Using the model as a framework, I then provide case studies of artists’ creative processes.
11:15-12:00 The Making of a Filmmaker: Figured World and Curatorship in Early Careers
Øystein Gilje & Linn M. Groeng, Department of Education, University of Oslo
- In this presentation, we explore how five young adults (two girls and three boys) positioned themselves as aspiring filmmakers in the cultural and creative sector, identifying styles and genres they work with, and how their identity as filmmakers is negotiated when reflecting upon filmmaking as a community of practice. By drawing on the concept of ‘figured worlds’, we illustrate how identity work is performed by the young filmmakers in both processes, and we discuss how this kind of identity work relates to the notion of curatorship.
12:00-12:30 Lunch break
12:30-13:15 Embodied Practices in an Art Museum: How do gesture, movement and space shape visitor experiences?
Rolf Steier, Department of Education, University of Oslo
- This presentation will explore the embodied practices of young people visiting an art gallery. How does their movement relate to their interaction with an artwork and with each other? What roles and functions do gestures play in these interactions? I will present episodes from a digital project room and from a traditional gallery space to discuss how visitor’s bodies are central in their interactions with art.
- Professor Takeshi Okada received his Ph.D. from the psychology department of Carnegie Mellon University in 1994, and taught at Nagoya University for ten years. Okada is currently a professor of psychology and cognitive science at the Graduate School of Education at the University of Tokyo. Using a multi-method approach he studies the artistic creation process with field studies, psychological experiments, and design-based studies.
- Øystein Gilje holds a post.doc/researcher-position at the Faculty of Education, University of Oslo, Norway. His doctoral thesis ‘Mode, Mediation and Moving Images: An Inquiry of Digital Editing Practices in Media Education’ (2010) investigated young people’s remixing practices by using a socio¬cultural and multimodal perspective. Gilje led the research project called Making a Filmmaker (2007–9) on young filmmakers’ learning trajectories in Scandinavia, a project which continues to look at the Norwegian participants four years after. He is also leading a project on (digital) learning resources in Norwegian primary and secondary education (Ark & App, 2013—16). He is also doing fieldwork on students in lower secondary schools, who work with media production during their leisure time activities (Knowledge in Motion, 2012–15). Gilje has published his work recently in international journals, such as Written Communication, Visual Communication, Nordicom Review and International Journal of Learning and Media (IJLM).
- Linn Mette Groeng is a master student in the Faculty of Education, University of Oslo, Norway. She has a background as a dancer, and, during the last ten years, she has taught ballet and contemporary dance mostly in professional educational programs. She is also the leader of a dance school in which she collaborates with two colleagues. The school in Oslo offers dance classes to children and young adults. Her work in higher educational programs piqued her interest in creativity and creative learning. In her master thesis, she proposed that a creative education is tempting to many young people. By conducting research on young filmmakers, as part of the Making a Filmmaker project, she aims to understand why creative studies and creative work are so popular in society today.
- Rolf Steier is a PhD Candidate in the Department of Education at the University of Oslo. His doctoral research focus is on the relationship between physical space and digital technologies that mediate collective learning experiences. This research is based in large part on an interactive project room about Edvard Munch at the National Gallery of Norway, in which he participated as a designer and researcher. He has a Master’s degree in Learning Design & Technology from Stanford University and has worked in a variety of museum contexts performing both design and research at science centers, children’s museums, and art galleries. He was awarded a Fulbright Grant in 2008 to come to the University of Oslo, where he explored children’s mobile phone use as a potential learning opportunity in museums.