Early childhood education as a tool to offset the detrimental long-term effects of early exposure to poverty (completed)
The aim of the research visit was to discuss future research related to understanding the broader context of early childhood education programs as a tool to offset the detrimental long-term effects of early exposure to poverty.
About the project
Across both the United States and European Union, children comprise the age group at highest risk of experiencing income poverty; correspondingly, their likelihood of doing well in school is placed in significant jeopardy over time. Large disparities in early academic achievement between young children at the top and bottom quintiles of the income distribution are clear as early as school entry (by age 6). The present UTNAM grant allowed us to invite Professor Cybele Raver and Associate professor Tyler Watts from New York University to the Department of Education, UiO. During the research visit, we discussed methodological challenges in our current research, visited preschools in Oslo and arranged a two-day PhD- course for the candidates at the Faculty of Educational Sciences. The PhD-course briefly reviewed a set of neurodevelopmental mechanisms that may explain the links by which poverty-related hardship exerts deleterious effects on young children's socioemotional and academic school readiness. Moreover, the course focused on theory and evidence pointing to the development of children's executive function and their self-regulation as two of those key candidate mediating mechanisms. Finally, the course also highlighted issues of measurement (for predictors such as family material hardship, mediators such as children's executive function, and outcomes such as children's school readiness) and opportunities for intervention in early childhood educational settings.
Norwegian Research Council, UTNAM program