Birgit Brock-Utne

Professor Emeritus
Image of Birgit Brock-Utne
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Phone +47-22855394
Room 531
Available hours By appointment
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Visiting address Sem Sælands vei 7 0317 Oslo
Postal address P.O. Box 1092 Blindern 0317 Oslo

Background

  • Dr.philos in political science University of Oslo
  • Ph.D in education by review, University of Oslo
  • Cand.polit. from the University of Oslo ( Education, Political sosiology and German)
  • M.Ed. from the University of llinois, Champaign-Urbana
  • Diploma in Teacher Training for the primary and lower secondary school,
  • One year study at Stanford University (art education and political science)

Employment record

  • Independent Consultant in education and development, peace education, curriculum development, multilingualism, gender, education and development (1990–present) Consultancy for save the Children,Norway and NORAD/CASAS in 2011 and 2012
  • Visiting Professor at the Centre for Peace and Conflict Studes, University of Otago,New Zealand, spring of 2012
  • Visiting Professor in peace and development studies Universitat Jaume Primero de Castellon (spring 2011)
  • Visiting Professor in peace and development studies Wartburg College, Iowa (spring 2010)
  • Professor in Education and Development at the University of Oslo( fall 1992 – fall 2008)
  • Director and founder of the M.phil. in Comparative and International Education at the University of Oslo (1998 – 2008)
  • Visiting Professor in peace and development studies Indiana University,( spring 2006)
  • Visiting Professor in Education in Africa University of Hiroshima, Japan( fall 2002)
  • Visiting Professor in peace and development studies, University of Antioch (spring 1992)
  • Visiting Professor in Education at the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (1988 – 1991)
  • Head of Department of Educational Psychology, University of Dar es Salaam (1989-1991)
  • Associate Professor of social eduaction and education and innovation, University of Oslo (1977 – 1988)
  • Deputy Head of the Institute for Educational Research, University of Oslo (1982-1985)
  • Researcher at the Peace Research Instittue of Oslo (1981-1982)
  • Researcher at the Work Research Instittue of Oslo (spring 1977)
  • Research Consultant in the planning division of the Ministry of Education,Norway (1973 – 1976)
  • Lecturer at Tromsø TeacherTraining College, (1966–1973)
  • Teacher in art education at Elverum Teacher College (1964-1966)
  • Teaching Assistant in art Education, University of Illinois (1963-1964)
  • Teacher of German,English, History and Sports at Tynset secondary school (1961–1963)
Tags: Education, Comparative and international studies, Global South

Publications

Desai, Zubeida, Martha Qorro and Birgit Brock-Utne (Eds) (2010) Educational challenges in multilingual societies: LOITASA Phase Two Research. Cape Town: African Minds . (under publication)

Brock-Utne, Birgit, Zubeida Desai and Martha Qorro with Allan Pitman (Eds.) (2010)
Language of Instruction in Tanzania and South Africa – Highlights from a Project.Boston/Rotterdam: Sense Publishers

Brock-Utne, Birgit and Ingse. Skattum (eds) (2009): Languages and Education in Africa: A comparative and transdisciplinary analysis. Oxford: Symposium Books. 2009 paperback 368 pages
Brock-Utne, Birgit and Gunnar Garbo (Eds) (2009) Language is Power. The Implications of Language for Peace and Development.: Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota. Oxford. African Books Collective. East Lansing : Michigan State University Press..

Prah, Kwesi Kwaa and Birgit Brock-Utne (Eds.) (2009.) Multilingualism - a paradigm shift in African language of instruction polices. Cape Town: CASAS ,

Qorro, Martha, Zubeida Desai and Birgit Brock-Utne (Eds.) (2008). LOITASA reflecting on Phase I and entering Phase II. Dar es Salaam: E & D Vision Publishing Ltd. Distributed overseas by: Oxford: ABC, East Lansing: Michigan State University Press

Brock-Utne, Birgit, Zubeida Desai and Martha Qorro (Eds.) (2006). Focus on Fresh Data on the Language of Instruction Debate in Tanzania and South Africa. Cape Town: African Minds

Brock-Utne, Birgit and Rodney Kofi Hopson (Eds.) (2005)): Languages of instruction for African emancipation: Focus on postcolonial contexts and considerations. Cape Town: CASAS and Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota. Oxford: African Books Collective. East Lansing: State University of Michigan Press.

Brock-Utne, Birgit, Zubeida Desai and Martha Qorro (Eds.) (2005): LOITASA Research in Progress. Dar es Salaam: KAD Associates. 2004 Brock-Utne, Birgit, Zubeida Desai and Martha Qorro (Eds.) (2004) Researching the Language of Instruction in Tanzania and South Africa. Cape Town: African Minds.Brock-Utne, Birgit, Zubeida Desai and Martha Qorro (Eds.) (2003) Language of Instruction in Tanzania and South Africa. Dar es Salaam: E & D Publishers.

Brock-Utne, Birgit (2000): Whose Education for All? The Recolonization of the African mind? New York/ London: Falmer Press. Reprinted in 2006 by africanabooks.org. Seoul.Homi Publishing.

Brock-Utne, Birgit (l989) Feminist Perspectives on Peace and Peace Educati¬on.New York/Oxford/Toronto/ Sydney/Paris/ Frankfurt:Pergamon Press.200 pp.

Brock-Utne, Birgit (l985): Educating for Peace. A Feminist Perspective.New York/Oxford/Toronto/Sydney/ Paris / Frankfurt:Pergamon Press.l75.pp.¬Reprinted in l987 and in l989.A Korean edition appeared in l986.Published in Seoul.3l5 pp.A Norwegian edition appeared in l987.Oslo:Folke¬reisn¬ing mot krig.206.pp. An Italian edition appeared at the end of l989,published by Edizione Gruppo Abele.

Brock-Utne, Birgit (l982) Rauhan Kasvatus."Rauha saa alkunsa naisten mielissa".(Women and peace.."Peace starts in the minds of women.")-A Finnish translation of a commissioned paper written in English for a UNESCO conference in New Delhi,l98l. Helsinki:Naiset Rauhan Puolesta.lll.pp.Reprinted in l983.

Brock-Utne, Birgit (l981) Ungdomsskoler i Utvikling.(Innovative schools) Oslo/ Bergen/Tromsø: Universitetsforlaget. 255.pp.

Brock-Utne, Birgit (l980) (together with Runa Haukaa). Kunnskap uten Makt. Kvinner som lærere og elever.(Knowledge without power. Women as teachers and pupils)Oslo/Bergen/Tromsø: Universitetsforlaget.222.pp.¬Reprin¬ted l98l and l984. German edition in l986.Wissen ohne Macht.¬Frauen als Lehrerinnen und Schülerinnen.Giessen:Focus Verlag.l95.¬pp.

Brock-Utne, Birgit (l979) (Ed) Fra Ord til Handling. Pedagogisk aksjonsforskning i utdanningssamfunnet. (From Words to Deeds. Educational action research.) Oslo/ Bergen/ Tromsø: Universitetsforlaget.l68.pp.

1970 (under the name Birgit Gaarder) Praktisk Pedagogikk i Lærer-studiet.(Practical pedagogics within teacher training)Oslo::Asche¬houg.207.pp.
 

  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2021). Language-in-Education Policies and Practices in Africa with a Special Focus on Tanzania and South Africa. In Zajda, Joseph & Brock-Utne, Birgit (Ed.), 3rd International Handbook of Globalisation, Education and Policy Research. Springer Netherlands. ISSN 978-3-030-66002-4. p. 609–627.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2021). En sosialpedagogs tanker om undervisningsspråk. Norsk pedagogisk tidsskrift. ISSN 0029-2052. 105(1), p. 82–92.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2020). En sosialpedagogs tanker om undervisningsspråk. In Lindblom, Per Åke & Rubensson, Arne (Ed.), Språkbytesexperimentet i svensk skola – engelska till varje pris? . Språkförsvaret. ISSN 978-91-519-6917-6. p. 19–35.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit; Halvorsen, Torill Aagot & Vuzo, Mwajuma Siama (2019). The school drop-out or rather “push out” problem in the South and in the North. World Studies in Education. ISSN 1441-340X. 20(2), p. 61–75. doi: 10.7459/wse/20.2.04.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2019). Models of cooperation between a university in Norway and two universities in Africa: An autoethnographic report . In Halvorsen, Tor; Orgeret, Kristin & Krøvel, Roy (Ed.), Sharing knowledge, transforming Societies : The Norhed programme 2013-2020. African Minds. ISSN 9781928502005. p. 379–403 .
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2018). Decolonisation of research in the African University. In Makalela, Leketi (Eds.), Shifting Lenses; Multilanguaging, Decolonisation and Education in the Global South.. CASAS The Centre for Advanced Study of African Society. ISSN 978-1-920294-19-9. p. 45–66.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2018). The English-speaking caste and the drop-out problem . In Brock-Utne, Birgit & Vuzo, Mwajuma Siama (Ed.), Transforming Education for Development in Africa.. Mkuki na Nyota Publishers. ISSN 978-9987-083-50-3. p. 119–137.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2018). Using a narrative approach to researching literacy and non-formal education in Africa and Asia. . International Review of Education. ISSN 0020-8566. 64(6), p. 701–711. doi: 10.1007/s11159-018-9755-5.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2018). Researching language and culture in Africa using an autoethnographic approach. International Review of Education. ISSN 0020-8566. p. 1–23. doi: 10.1007/s11159-018-9746-6.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2017). Multilingualism in Africa, marginalisation and empowerment. In Coleman, Hywel (Eds.), Multilingualism and Development. British Council. ISSN 978-0-86355-840-5. p. 64–80.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2017). Language and identity Reflections by a cultural commutet. In Borjian, Maryam (Eds.), Language and Globalization. An Autoethnographic approach.. Routledge. ISSN 978-1-138-22780-4. p. 132–144.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2017). Decolonisation of knowledge in the African university. In Cross, Michael & Ndofirepi, Amasa (Ed.), Knowledge and Change in African Universities. Brill|Sense. ISSN 978-94-6300-840-2. p. 161–181. doi: 10.1007/978-94-6300-842-6_10.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2016). Research in Africa using an autoethnographical approach. World Studies in Education. ISSN 1441-340X. 17(2), p. 5–16. doi: 10.7459/wse/17.2.02.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2016). Sicurezza internazionale e linguaggio: un ampliamento del modello di giornalismo di pace. In Salio, Nanni & Michelis, Silvia De (Ed.), Giornalismo di Pace. Gruppo Abele. ISSN 978-88-6579-044-1. p. 103–130.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2016). English as the language of science and technology. In Babaci-Wilhite, Zehlia (Eds.), Human Rights in Language and STEM Education, Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. Brill|Sense. ISSN 978-94-6300-403-9. p. 111–127.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2016). The ubuntu paradigm in curriculum work, language of instruction and assessment. International Review of Education. ISSN 0020-8566. 62(1), p. 29–44. doi: 10.1007/s11159-016-9540-2.
  • Skinningsrud, Tone & Brock-Utne, Birgit (2016). Norway: Formal Education and its Role in Education and Development. In Sprague, Terra (Eds.), Education in non-EU countries in Southern and Western Europe. Bloomsbury Academic. ISSN 978-1-4725-9249-1. p. 37–58. doi: 10.5040/9781474243230.ch-002.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit & Qorro, Martha (2015). Multilingualism and Language in Education in Tanzania. In Yiakoumetti, Androula (Eds.), Multilingualism and Language in Education: Sociolinguistic and Pedagogical Perspectives from Commonwealth Countries. Cambridge University Press. ISSN 978-1-107-57431-1. p. 19–31.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2015). Language-in-Education Policies and Practices in Africa with a Special Focus on Tanzania and South Africa. In Zadja, Joseph (Eds.), Second international handbook on globalisation, education and policy research. Springer. ISSN 978-94-017-9492-3. p. 615–633. doi: 10.1007/978-94-017-9493-0_36.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2015). Language, Literacy and Democracy in Africa. In Makalela, Leketi (Eds.), New Directions in Language Literacy Education for Multilingual Classrooms in Africa. CASAS The Centre for Advanced Study of African Society. ISSN 978-1-920294-01-4. p. 15–38.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2015). Language, literacy, power and democracy in Africa. Education and Society. ISSN 0726-2655. 33(2), p. 05–24. doi: 10.7459/es/33.2.02.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2014). Language as a contributor to post-MDG development perspectives in Africa. In Hamish, McIIwraith (Eds.), Language Rich Africa. Policy dialogue. Looking beyond 2015. British Council. ISSN 978-0-86355-756-9. p. 114–123.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2014). Part of the solution. In Babaci-Wilhite, Zehlia (Eds.), Giving space to African voices: Rights to local languages and local curriculum. Brill|Sense. ISSN 978-94-6209-732-2. p. xxi–xxii.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit & Mercer, Malcolm (2014). Using African languages for democracy and lifelong learning in Africa: A post-2015 challenge and the work of CASAS. International Review of Education. ISSN 0020-8566. 60(6). doi: 10.1007/s11159-014-9448-7.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2014). Language of instruction in Africa – the most important and least appreciated issue. International Journal of Educational Development in Africa. ISSN 2312-3540. 1(1), p. 4–19.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit & Mercer, Malcolm (2014). Languages of instruction and the question of education quality in Africa: A post-2015 challenge and the work of CASAS. Compare. ISSN 0305-7925. 44(4), p. 676–680. doi: 10.1080/03057925.2014.911979.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2013). The role of language in higher education in Africa. EAIE FORUM. ISSN 1389-0808. p. 15–18.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2013). Education in 2030: what would education look like in a largely poverty-free world? And how do we get there? In Robertson, Andrew (Eds.), Commonwealth Education Partnerships 2013/14. Nexus. ISSN 978-1-908609-08-3. p. 99–103.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2013). Teaching science for development – in whose language? In Desai, Zubeida; Qorro, Martha & Brock-Utne, Birgit (Ed.), The role of language in Teaching and Learning Science and Mathematics C. African Minds. ISSN 978-1-920677-02-2. p. 11–33.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2013). Language and liberation. Language of instruction for mathematics and science: A comparison and contrast of practices focusing on Tanzania. In Benson,, Carol & Kosonen, Kimmo (Ed.), Language Issues in Comparative Education. Inclusive Teaching and Learning in Non-Dominant Languages and Cultures. Brill|Sense. ISSN 978-94-6209-217-4. p. 77–97. doi: 10.1163/9789460912221_007.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2013). Globalisation and Inequality: Challenges to Education in Africa. World Studies in Education. ISSN 1441-340X. 14(1), p. 17–36. doi: 10.7459/wse/14.1.03.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2013). Language of Instruction and Learning in Mathematics and Science in Some African Countries. African and Asian Studies. ISSN 1569-2094. 12(1-2), p. 83–99. doi: 10.1163/15692108-12341252.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2012). Learning for all of Africa’s children - in whose language? In Commonwealth, Education Partnerships & Brock-Utne, Birgit (Ed.), Commonwealth, Education Partnerships 2012/13. Nexus Strategic Partnerships. . ISSN 978-1-908609-03-8. p. 147–151.

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  • Zajda, Joseph & Brock-Utne, Birgit (2021). 3rd International Handbook of Globalisation, Education and Policy Research. Springer Netherlands. ISBN 978-3-030-66002-4. 820 p.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit; Ismail, Maryam & Vuzo, Mwajuma Siama (2018). Transforming Education for Development in Africa. Mkuki na Nyota Publishers. ISBN 978-9987-083-50-3. 233 p.
  • Desai, Zubeida; Qorro, Martha & Brock-Utne, Birgit (2013). The role of language in Teaching and Learning Science and Mathematics C. African Minds. ISBN 978-1-920677-02-2. 170 p.

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  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2021). Overivrig hollender. AKADEMIA. Klassekampen. ISSN 0805-3839. p. 25–25.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2021). Språksvinn. AKADEMIA. Klassekampen. ISSN 0805-3839. p. 26–26.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2021). Book Review of: Education marginalization in sub-Saharan Africa: Policies, politics, and marginality by Obed Mfum-Mensah. Lexington Books, Lanham, etc., 2018, 217pp. ISBN 978-1-4985-7404-4 (hbk), ISBN 978-1-4985-7405-1 (eBook) . International Review of Education. ISSN 0020-8566. 67, p. 249–251. doi: 10.1007/s11159-021-09888-9.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2021). Husk det vesenentlige. Klassekampen. ISSN 0805-3839. p. 21–21.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2020). Ned med våpnene. Klassekampen. ISSN 0805-3839.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2020). The growth of Kiswahili in East Africa – a blessing or a threat?
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2020). The World Wide Language Issue in Education.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2019). How to structure a Ph.D.thesis.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2019). The forces working to retain English as the language of instruction.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2019). The Language of Instruction issue in Africa.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2019). General introduction to academic writing for new master students .
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2019). The drop-out problem in Tanzania.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2019). Using a narrative approach to researching literacy and non-formal education in Africa and Asia.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2019). Engelsk-språklig kastesystem? . Klassekampen. ISSN 0805-3839. p. 16–17.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2018). The drop-out or push out problem in the South and in the North .
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2018). How a western bias in educational research in Africa contributes to marginalization of African experiences.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2018). The drop-out or push out problem in the South and in the North.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2018). Knowledge, identity, culture: The birth and development of TRANSLED (TRANSFORMATION, LANGUAGE, EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT) a NORHED project.
  • Halvorsen, Torill Aagot; Vuzo, Mwajuma Siama & Brock-Utne, Birgit (2018). The drop-out or rather “push out” problem in the South and in the North.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2016). Using an autoethnographic approach in research.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2016). The English-speaking caste and the drop-out problem.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2016). Researching language and culture in Africa using an autoethnographic approach.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2016). Invited speaker at the Presidential panel:”Re-centring Education as a Moral Enterprise”.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2016). Å pendle mellom ulike kulturer.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2016). Å leve I ulike kulturer.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2016). Undervisning på et språk de ikke forstår. [TV]. https://tv.nrk.no/serie/dagsrevyen/NNFA03040316/03-04-.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2016). Undervisningsspråk i Afrika. [Radio]. NRK2 - posten Urix.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2015). Multilingualism in Africa, marginalisation and empowerment.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2015). The richness and the poverty of multilingualism – examples from Africa.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2015). Decolonisation of knowledge in the African university.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2015). Rethinking Educational Research in African Contexts.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2015). Language of instruction in Africa – the most important and least appreciated issue.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2015). Decolonisation of knowledge in the African university.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2015). Knowledge production in the African University.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2015). Die Unterrichtssprachensituation in Afrika und Harmonisierung der afrikanischen Schrift-sprachen.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2015). Re-centring Education as a Moral Enterprise - invited speaker on the Presidential Invited Panel.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2015). Education and international development: Theory, practice and issues. International Review of Education. ISSN 0020-8566. 61, p. 427–429. doi: 10.1007/s11159-015-9476-y.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2014). Umuhimu wa kutumia Kiswahli kama lugha ya kufundishia shule sekondari na elimu ya juu.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2014). Erfaringer fra å leve I forskjellige kulturer.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2014). En evaluering av lærerutdanningsprosjektet Quality Education Project (QEP) i Zimbabwe og Zambia.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2014). Language, literacy, power and democracy in Africa.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2014). Language, literacy and democracy in Africa.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2014). Usaklig svar på Svein Sjøbergs kritikk. Uniforum. ISSN 1891-5825.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2014). Utdanningsnøkkelen. Klassekampen. ISSN 0805-3839. p. 20–20.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2014). Education, democracy and development – does education contribute to democratisation in developing countries? International Review of Education. ISSN 0020-8566. 60(1), p. 145–147.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2013). Decolonising language and culture in African schools.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2013). The World Bank and education:Critiques and alternatives. Book review of a book with that title edited by Steven Klees, Joel Samoff and Nelly Strømquist. International Review of Education. ISSN 0020-8566. doi: 10.1007/s11159-013-9378-9.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2013). Education, Indigenous knowledges,and development in the global South:Contesting knowledges for a sustainable future. Book review of a book with that title by Anders Breidlid. International Review of Education. ISSN 0020-8566. doi: 10.1007/s11159-013-9375-z.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2013). Education,democracy and development - does education contribute to democratisation in developing countries? Book review of Harber and Mncube. International Review of Education. ISSN 0020-8566. doi: 10.1007/s11159-013-9376-y.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2013). Language as a contributor to Post-MDG Development Perspectives in Africa.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit & Mercer, Malcolm (2013). Using languages that children know as the languages of instruction – a post 2015 challenge and the work of CASAS.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2013). Changing language of instruction in Tanzania from English to Kiswahili What happened to all the policy drafts?
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2012). Et språk de forstår. Dagsavisen. ISSN 1503-2892. p. 3–3.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2012). Bistand og utdanning - noen råd til en ny minister. Bistandsaktuelt. ISSN 1501-0201. p. 43–43.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2012). A Babble of Tongues? Peace, Power and the Role of Language.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2012). Gender and Peace.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2012). Language and Power.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2012). Are we educating boys for war and girls for peace?
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2012). The Language of Instruction in Africa – an example of structural violence and neo-colonialism.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2012). A gender perspective on peace education and the work for peace. Invited key note.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2012). Where have all the policy drafts gone? (Key-note).
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit & Mercer, Malcolm (2014). Norad’s Support to Education through Norwegian NGOs: a review. NORAD.
  • Brock-Utne, Birgit (2014). From Blaming to Reflecting. An Evaluation of the Quality Education project(QEP) in Zimbabwe and Zambia. Redd Barna.
  • Commonwealth, Education Partnerships & Brock-Utne, Birgit (2012). Commonwealth, Education Partnerships 2012/13. Nexus Strategic Partnerships. . ISSN 978-1-908609-03-8.

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Published Oct. 8, 2010 1:12 PM - Last modified Sep. 23, 2016 4:40 PM

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