Donolato, Giofrè & Mammarella (2019): Working memory, negative affect and personal assets: How do they relate to mathematics and reading literacy?
I: PLOS ONE, Online first, Open Access
Enrica Donolato, David Giofrè & Irene C. Mammarella.
Research has recently focused on the relationships between working memory, negative affect (e.g., general anxiety, depressive symptoms) and personal assets (e.g., self-concept, academic and competence dimensions, and ego-resiliency), and their influence on mathematics and reading literacy. Although these variables have been amply explored, previous research has usually considered each of these aspects in isolation.
In the present study, 143 schoolchildren in sixth to eighth grade were tested on general anxiety, depressive symptoms, working memory, self-concept (academic and competence scales), ego-resiliency, and mathematics and reading literacy.
Variance partitioning showed that all predictors, i.e., working memory, negative affect (i.e., general anxiety and depressive symptoms), and personal assets (i.e., self-concept, academic and competence dimensions, and ego-resiliency) explained a unique and shared portion of the variance in mathematics and reading literacy.
Our findings point to the importance of investigating the relationship between these factors. Underlying implications and directions for future research are discussed.