Johan Braeken

Bilde av Johan Braeken
English version of this page
Telefon +47 22844826
Rom 352
Besøksadresse Forskningsparken C1
Postadresse Postboks 1161 Blindern 0318 Oslo

Faglige interesser | Academic Interests

Measuring and trying to explain why people differ on basic human skills and abilities remains an intriguing topic. As a Psychometrician I am interested in all aspects of Assessment, Evaluation, and Testing, with a specific passion for the Development and Application of Latent Variable Models in a new measurement context.

The figure above represents the classical typology of latent variable models. Current advances are combining and extending these types across their default boundaries, and adding structural elements on top of the measurement models (i.e., generalized structural equation modeling: SEM).

General Interest: Measuring individual differences
General Background: Psychology, Statistics, & Educational Testing
Research Domain: Psychometrics and Latent Variable Models
Research Niche: Integration of Copula Functions in Latent Variable Models


Bakgrunn | Higher education and employment history


  • Professor, University of Oslo, Norway 2017-current
  • Associate professor, University of Oslo, Norway 2014-2017
  • Assistant professor, Wageningen University and Research centre, The Netherlands 2013-2014
  • Assistant professor, Tilburg University, The Netherlands 2009-2013
  • Psychometrician at CITO, Central institute for test development, Arnhem, The Netherlands 2008-2009
  • Phd. Psychology - Psychometrics, K.U.Leuven, Belgium 2008.

Samarbeid | Cooperation

  • Project: Effect of Video Interaction Guidance (VIG) in parents of preterm infants.      Prof.dr. H. van Bakel and colleagues, Tilburg University, The Netherlands.


Braeken, J. & Van Assen, M.A.L.M. (2017). An empirical Kaiser criterion. Psychological Methods, 22, 450-466.

Braeken, J., Kuppens, P., De Boeck, P., & Tuerlinckx, F. (2013). Contextualized personality questionnaires: A case for copulas in structural equation models for categorical data. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 48, 845-870.

Braeken, J. (2011). A boundary mixture approach to violations of conditional independence. Psychometrika, 76, 57-76.

Braeken, J., & Tuerlinckx, F. (2009). A mixed model framework for teratology studies. Biostatistics, 10, 744-755.

Braeken, J., & Tuerlinckx, F. (2009). Investigating latent constructs with item response models: A Matlab IRTm Toolbox. Behavior Research Methods, 41, 1127-1137.

Braeken, J., Tuerlinckx, F., & De Boeck, P. (2007). Copulas for residual dependencies. Psychometrika, 72, 393-411.

  • Kalandadze, Tamara; Braeken, Johan; Brynskov, Cecilia & Næss, Kari-Anne Bottegaard (2021). Metaphor Comprehension in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Core Language Skills Matter. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.  ISSN 0162-3257.  s 1- 11 . doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04922-z
  • Steinmann, Isa; Strietholt, Rolf & Braeken, Johan (2021). A Constrained Factor Mixture Analysis Model for Consistent and Inconsistent Respondents to Mixed-Worded Scales. Psychological methods.  ISSN 1082-989X. . doi: 10.1037/met0000392 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Braeken, Johan & Paap, Muirne C. S. (2020). Making Fixed-Precision Between-Item Multidimensional Computerized Adaptive Tests Even Shorter by Reducing the Asymmetry Between Selection and Stopping Rules. Applied Psychological Measurement.  ISSN 0146-6216. . doi: 10.1177/0146621620932666 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Hummelen, Benjamin; Braeken, Johan; Christensen, Tore Buer; Nysæter, Tor Erik; Germans Selvik, Sara; Walther, Kristoffer Lygren; Pedersen, Geir Feigum; Eikenæs, Ingeborg Helene Ulltveit-Moe & Paap, Muirne C. S. (2020). A psychometric analysis of the structured clinical interview for the DSM-5 alternative model for personality disorders module I (SCID-5-AMPD-I): Level of personality functioning scale. Assessment (Odessa, Fla.).  ISSN 1073-1911.  s 1- 14 . doi: 10.1177/1073191120967972 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv. Vis sammendrag
  • Paap, Muirne C.S.; Hummelen, Benjamin; Braeken, Johan; Arnevik, Espen Kristian Ajo; Walderhaug, Espen; Wilberg, Theresa; Berghuis, Han; Hutsebaut, Joost & Pedersen, Geir Feigum (2020). A multi-center psychometric evaluation of the Severity Indices of Personality Problems 118 (SIPP-118): Do we really need all those facets?. Quality of Life Research.  ISSN 0962-9343.  s 1- 9 . doi: 10.1007/s11136-020-02654-8 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Paap, Muirne C. S.; Born, Sebastian & Braeken, Johan (2019). Measurement Efficiency for Fixed-Precision Multidimensional Computerized Adaptive Tests: Comparing Health Measurement and Educational Testing Using Example Banks. Applied Psychological Measurement.  ISSN 0146-6216.  43(1), s 68- 83 . doi: 10.1177/0146621618765719 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Pettersen, Andreas & Braeken, Johan (2019). Mathematical Competency Demands of Assessment Items: a Search for Empirical Evidence. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education.  ISSN 1571-0068.  17(2), s 405- 425 . doi: 10.1007/s10763-017-9870-y Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Arnesen, Anne; Braeken, Johan; Ogden, Terje & Melby-Lervåg, Monica (2018). Assessing Children’s Social Functioning and Reading Proficiency: A Systematic Review of the Quality of Educational Assessment Instruments Used in Norwegian Elementary Schools. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research.  ISSN 0031-3831.  s 1- 26 . doi: 10.1080/00313831.2017.1420685 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Brinchmann, Ellen Iren; Braeken, Johan & Lyster, Solveig-Alma Halaas (2018). Is there a direct relation between the development of vocabulary and grammar?. Developmental Science.  ISSN 1363-755X.  s 1- 13 . doi: 10.1111/desc.12709 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Daus, Stephan & Braeken, Johan (2018). The sensitivity of TIMSS country rankings in science achievement to differences in opportunity to learn at classroom level. Large-scale Assessments in Education.  ISSN 2196-0739.  6(1) . doi: 10.1186/s40536-018-0054-1 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv. Vis sammendrag
  • Daus, Stephan; Nilsen, Trude & Braeken, Johan (2018). Exploring content knowledge: Country profile of science strengths and weaknesses in TIMSS. Possible implications for educational professionals and science research.. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research.  ISSN 0031-3831.  s 1- 19 . doi: 10.1080/00313831.2018.1478882 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv. Vis sammendrag
  • Tesema, Melaku Tesfa & Braeken, Johan (2018). Regional inequalities and gender differences in academic achievement as a function of educational opportunities: Evidence from Ethiopia. International Journal of Educational Development.  ISSN 0738-0593.  60, s 51- 59 . doi: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2017.10.023 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Arnesen, Anne; Braeken, Johan; Baker, Scott; Meek-Hansen, Wilhelm; Ogden, Terje & Melby-Lervåg, Monica (2017). Growth in Oral Reading Fluency in a Semitransparent Orthography: Concurrent and Predictive Relations With Reading Proficiency in Norwegian, Grades 2–5. Reading Research Quarterly.  ISSN 0034-0553.  52(2), s 177- 201 . doi: 10.1002/rrq.159 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Hall, Ruby A.S.; Hoffenkamp, Hannah N.; Braeken, Johan; Tooten, Anneke; Vingerhoets, Ad J.J.M. & van Bakel, Hedwig J.A. (2017). Maternal psychological distress after preterm birth: Disruptive or adaptive?. Infant Behavior and Development.  ISSN 0163-6383.  49, s 272- 280 . doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2017.09.012 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Paap, Muirne C. S.; Braeken, Johan; Pedersen, Geir Feigum; Urnes, Øyvind; Karterud, Sigmund; Wilberg, Theresa & Hummelen, Benjamin (2017). A Psychometric Evaluation of the DSM-IV Criteria for Antisocial Personality Disorder: Dimensionality, Local Reliability, and Differential Item Functioning Across Gender. Assessment (Odessa, Fla.).  ISSN 1073-1911. . doi: 10.1177/1073191117745126 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Braeken, Johan & Blömeke, Sigrid (2016). Comparing future teachers’ beliefs across countries: approximate measurement invariance with Bayesian elastic constraints for local item dependence and differential item functioning. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education.  ISSN 0260-2938.  41(5), s 733- 749 . doi: 10.1080/02602938.2016.1161005
  • Braeken, Johan & Van Assen, Marcel A. L. M. (2016). An empirical Kaiser criterion.. Psychological methods.  ISSN 1082-989X.  22(3), s 450- 466 . doi: 10.1037/met0000074
  • Rutten, Elisabeth A P; Bachrach, Nathan; van Balkom, Anton J L M; Braeken, Johan; Ouwens, Machteld A & Bekker, Marrie H J (2016). Anxiety, depression and autonomy–connectedness: The mediating role of alexithymia and assertiveness. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice.  ISSN 1476-0835.  89(4), s 385- 401 . doi: 10.1111/papt.12083
  • Wood, Stephen; Niven, Karen & Braeken, Johan (2016). Managerial abuse and the process of absence among mental health staff. Work, Employment and Society.  ISSN 0950-0170.  30(5), s 783- 801 . doi: 10.1177/0950017015613755
  • Braeken, Johan; Mulder, Joris & Wood, Stephen (2015). Relative Effects at Work: Bayes Factors for Order Hypotheses. Journal of Management.  ISSN 0149-2063.  41(2), s 544- 573 . doi: 10.1177/0149206314525206
  • Dang, Cai-Ping; Braeken, Johan; Colom, Roberto; Ferrer, Emilio & Liu, Chang (2015). Do processing speed and short-term storage exhaust the relation between working memory capacity and intelligence?. Personality and Individual Differences.  ISSN 0191-8869.  74, s 241- 247 . doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.10.012
  • Hall, RAS; Hoffenkamp, HN; Tooten, A; Braeken, Johan; Vingerhoets, AJJM & Van Bakel, HJA (2015). Child-Rearing History and Emotional Bonding in Parents of Preterm and Full-Term Infants. Journal of Child and Family Studies.  ISSN 1062-1024.  24(6), s 1715- 1726 . doi: 10.1007/s10826-014-9975-7
  • Hall, RAS; Hoffenkamp, HN; Tooten, A; Braeken, Johan; Vingerhoets, AJJM & van Bakel, HJA (2015). Longitudinal associations between maternal disrupted representations, maternal interactive behavior and infant attachment: a comparison between full-term and preterm dyads. Child Psychiatry and Human Development.  ISSN 0009-398X.  46(2), s 320- 331 . doi: 10.1007/s10578-014-0473-3
  • Hall, Ruby A.S.; Hoffenkamp, Hannah N.; Tooten, Anneke; Braeken, Johan; Vingerhoets, Ad J.J.M. & van Bakel, Hedwig J.A. (2015). The quality of parent–infant interaction in the first 2 years after full-term and preterm birth. Parenting, science and practice.  ISSN 1529-5192.  15(4), s 247- 268 . doi: 10.1080/15295192.2015.1053333
  • Hoffenkamp, Hannah N.; Braeken, Johan; Hall, Ruby A.S.; Tooten, Anneke; Vingerhoets, Ad J.J.M. & van Bakel, Hedwig J.A. (2015). Parenting in complex conditions: Does preterm birth provide a context for the development of less optimal parental behavior?. Journal of Pediatric Psychology.  ISSN 0146-8693.  40(6), s 559- 571 . doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsv007
  • Hoffenkamp, Hannah; Tooten, Anneke; Hall, Ruby; Braeken, Johan; Eliëns, Marij; Vingerhoets, Ad & van Bakel, Hedwig (2015). Effectiveness of Hospital-Based Video Interaction Guidance on Parental Interactive Behavior, Bonding, and Stress After Preterm Birth: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.  ISSN 0022-006X.  83, s 416- 429 . doi: 10.1037/a0038401
  • Traa, Marjan J.; Braeken, Johan; De Vries, Jolanda; Roukema, Jan A.; Slooter, Gerrit D.; Crolla, Rogier M.P.H.; Borremans, Monique P.M. & Den Oudsten, Brenda L. (2015). Sexual, marital, and general life functioning in couples coping with colorectal cancer: A dyadic study across time. Psycho-Oncology.  ISSN 1057-9249.  24(9), s 1181- 1188 . doi: 10.1002/pon.3801
  • Traa, Marjan; Braeken, Johan; De Vries, Jolanda; Roukema, Jan; Orsini, Ricardo & Den Oudsten, Brenda L. (2015). Evaluating quality of life and response shift from a couple-based perspective: a study among patients with colorectal cancer and their partners. Quality of Life Research.  ISSN 0962-9343.  24, s 1431- 1441 . doi: 10.1007/s11136-014-0872-8
  • Maas, A Janneke; Vreeswijk, Charlotte; Braeken, Johan; Vingerhoets, Ad & van Bakel, Hedwig (2014). Determinants of maternal fetal attachment in women from a community-based sample. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology.  ISSN 0264-6838.  32, s 5- 24 . doi: 10.1080/02646838.2013.853170
  • van Dinther, Mart; Dochy, Filip; Segers, Mien & Braeken, Johan (2014). Student perceptions of assessment and student self-efficacy in competence-based education. Educational studies (Dorchester-on-Thames).  ISSN 0305-5698.  40(3), s 330- 351 . doi: 10.1080/03055698.2014.898577
  • Vreeswijk, Charlotte; Maas, A Janneke; Rijk, Catharina; Braeken, Johan & van Bakel, Hedwig (2014). Stability of fathers' representations of their infants during the transition to parenthood. Attachment & Human Development.  ISSN 1461-6734.  16, s 292- 306 . doi: 10.1080/14616734.2014.900095
  • Braeken, Johan (2011). A BOUNDARY MIXTURE APPROACH TO VIOLATIONS OF CONDITIONAL INDEPENDENCE. Psychometrika.  ISSN 0033-3123.  76, s 57- 76 . doi: 10.1007/S11336-010-9190-4

Se alle arbeider i Cristin

  • Ludvigsen, Sten Runar; Nortvedt, Guri A.; Petterson, Astrid; Sollerman, Samuel; Olafsson, Ragnar F.; Taajamo, Matti; Caspersen, Joakim; Nyström, Peter & Braeken, Johan (2016). Northern Lights on PISA and TALIS. Nordisk ministerråd.  ISBN 978-92-893-4521-7.  216 s.

Se alle arbeider i Cristin

  • Daus, Stephan; Stancel-Piatak, Agnes & Braeken, Johan (2019). Curriculum sensitivity of the TIMSS science test: Adjacent-grades within schools design.
  • Kalandadze, Tamar; Braeken, Johan; Brynskov, Cecilia & Næss, Kari-Anne Bottegaard (2019). Difficulties in Metaphor Comprehension: A Hallmark of Autism Spectrum Disorder or of Poor Structural Language Ability?.
  • Daus, Stephan; Stancel-Piatak, Agnes & Braeken, Johan (2018). Instructional sensitivity of the TIMSS items and test to Norwegian science education instruction.
  • Van Laar, Saskia & Braeken, Johan (2018). Measurement Invariance in Within-Group Designs.
  • Van Laar, Saskia & Braeken, Johan (2018). Measurement Invariance in Within-Subjects Designs.
  • Arnesen, Anne; Smolkowski, Keith; Baker, Scott; Braeken, Johan; Meek-Hansen, Wilhelm; Ogden, Terje & Melby-Lervåg, Monica (2017). Assessing Elementary Students’ Social Functioning and Reading Proficiency.
  • Daus, Stephan & Braeken, Johan (2017). Are TIMSS country scores and rankings sensitive to varying opportunities to learn?.
  • Helland-Riise, Fredrik & Braeken, Johan (2017). The Radicals of Abstract Reasoning Assessments: An Explanatory Item Response Modelling Approach. Vis sammendrag
  • Arnesen, Anne; Braeken, Johan; Baker, Scott; Meek-Hansen, Wilhelm & Ogden, Terje (2016). Growth in Oral Reading Fluency in a Semi-Transparent Orthography.
  • Helland-Riise, Fredrik & Braeken, Johan (2016). Explanatory Item Response Modelling Of An Abstract Reasoning Assessment: A Case For Modern Test Design.. Vis sammendrag
  • Tesema, Melaku Tesfa & Braeken, Johan (2016). Regional and gender differences in academic achievement as a function of opportunities to learn: Evidence from Ethiopia.
  • Daus, Stephan; Nilsen, Trude & Braeken, Johan (2015). Explaining Item Difficulty Heterogeneity Across Content Groups with Curricular Coverage.
  • Scherer, Ronny & Braeken, Johan (2014). The issue of item dependencies in problem solving assessments: Comparing different modeling approaches.

Se alle arbeider i Cristin

Publisert 13. okt. 2014 12:39 - Sist endret 14. apr. 2020 13:06