Kalandadze, Braeken, Brynskov & Næss (2021): Metaphor Comprehension in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Core Language Skills Matter
I: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Online first. Open Access
Tamara Kalandadze, Johan Braeken, Cecilia Brynskov & Kari-Anne Bottegaard Næss
Poor metaphor comprehension was considered a hallmark of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but recent research has questioned the extent and the sources of these difficulties.
In this cross-sectional study, we compared metaphor comprehension in individuals with ASD (N = 29) and individuals with typical development (TD; N = 31), and investigated the relationship between core language and metaphor comprehension.
Individuals with ASD showed more difficulty but also a more variable performance in both metaphor and literal items of the task used than individuals with TD did. This indicates that core language ability accounts for metaphor comprehension and should be considered in future research and interventions aiming to improve metaphor comprehension in individuals with ASD.